Etude comparative de la transmission de virus de la diarrhée épidémique porcine et de l'immunité induite lors de l'infection

Abstract : Porcine epidemic diarrhea (PED) appeared in Europe at the end of 1970s and is caused by an alpha-coronavirus named porcine epidemic diarrhea virus (PEDV). Severe PED epizootic cases have been reported in Asia from 2010 and in America from 2013. Two genotypes of PEDV strains, differing by insertions/deletions in the S gene, have been described and circulating to date. The first genotype is represented by « S-InDel » strains group present on all continents among which Europe, including France. The second one is represented by the so-called highly virulent « S-non-InDel » strains which circulate in Asia and America only. The pigs infected by PEDV are affected by important aqueous diarrheas and sometimes vomiting accompanied by signs of dehydration. The consequences of the disease are more important in case of infection by an « S-non-InDel » strain with a mortality rate that could reach 100 % in suckling piglets.Uncertainties remained on pathogenicity differences according to the strains of PEDV and on impacts of a potential introduction of « S-non-InDel » PEDV strain in France. This thesis aimed at studying and comparing the pathogenicity of two strains of PEDV, an « S-non-InDel » PEDV strain isolated in the United-States in 2014 and an « S-InDel » PEDV strain isolated in France the same year. To compare pathogenicity between strains, the horizontal transmission and the clinical consequences of the infection in experimental conditions have been studied. Moreover the virus shedding in semen was also explored for the two strains. The last part of the project of the thesis was
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Sarah Gallien. Etude comparative de la transmission de virus de la diarrhée épidémique porcine et de l'immunité induite lors de l'infection. Sciences agricoles. Agrocampus Ouest, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018NSARC135⟩. ⟨tel-02138168⟩

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