Concentration de produits laitiers dans les évaporateurs à flot tombant : facteurs limitants et alternatives technologiques

Abstract : Dairy powders are produced using a two-step process: concentration of the liquid product (membrane, concentration by vacuum evaporation) and drying of the concentrate. Contrary to spray-drying, vacuum concentration has been poorly investigated. However, a better understanding of this unit operation carried out in falling-film evaporators would lead to an improved control of the global process scheme for the production of powders. This PhD project aims to highlight how to enhance the performances of falling-film evaporators; it focuses on two limiting factors of the vacuum concentration: the fouling of the heating surfaces and the maximal viscosity at the outlet of the falling-film evaporators. The contribution of the different product components to the fouling was investigated using a methodology developed at pilot-scale.Our results showed which mineral elements favored the fouling of falling-film evaporators during the concentration of milk microlfiltrate and ultrafiltrate as well as hydrochloric and lactic acid wheys. Besides, two thin-film rotative evaporators of different designs were tested at pilot-scale in order to exceed the maximum dry matter achieved in falling-film evaporators. The feasibility studies were conducted up to the production of powders. The capabilities of the equipment were evaluated according to the functional properties of powders and the specific energy costs relative to the removal of water. In one case, the combination of two rotative evaporators replacing the spray drier constitutes a technological breakthrough in the production of permeate p
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Gaëlle Tanguy-Sai. Concentration de produits laitiers dans les évaporateurs à flot tombant : facteurs limitants et alternatives technologiques. Alimentation et Nutrition. Agrocampus Ouest, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018NSARB318⟩. ⟨tel-02138123⟩

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