Diên Biên Phu : des tranchées au prétoire : 1953-1958

Abstract : Diên Biên Phu is well known as a great French defeat in 1954. Nevertheless some aspects of this real case are still to discover, for example the human, social and legal aspects. At first, it is interesting to know better the men who were soldiers during the battle, those from the front as those stayed in Hanoi or Saigon. All of them represent a real society which worked in a special context during more than five months. This social group as his own characteristics which depend on his military functions and the battle itself. Knowing these men better, is also searching to know who they were before coming in Indochina and what they became even a long time after the battle of Diên Biên Phu. However, in 1954, the Diên Biên Phu’s military society had had three different lives during these five months : before the fights, they naturally had a different life than during the battle, and then, when the survivors became prisoners, they started another new part of their life. Diên Biên Phu can also be studied by the prism of the everyday life and the felt of the fighters. This battle had finally had consequences well beyond May 7th. Then, it becomes the “case”. Diên Biên Phu became one of the great military myth but in the same time, the research of the responsibilities in France has begun. This new case brings to light other older and more personal conflicts. The more important of these conflicts is the one between the two former chief generals in Indochina in charge of the battle, general Navarre and general Cogny. This very important personal and professional conflict led them to the court. From trenches to the court, Diên Biên Phu is an important and more complex case than just a battle camp. It is not just the fight which lid to the end of Indochina War. It is also and maybe more than anything else, a men’s business and a social, political and judicial affair.
Keywords : Diên Biên Phu
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Laure Cournil. Diên Biên Phu : des tranchées au prétoire : 1953-1958. Histoire. Université Panthéon-Sorbonne - Paris I, 2014. Français. ⟨NNT : 2014PA010523⟩. ⟨tel-02138076⟩

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