Design of robust networks : application to the design of wind farm cabling networks

Abstract : Nowadays, the design of networks has become a decisive problematic which appears in many fields such as transport or energy. In particular, it has become necessary and important to optimize the way in which networks used to produce, collect or transport energy are designed. We focus in this thesis on electricity produced through wind farms. The production of energy by wind turbines appears more than ever like a good alternative to the electrical production of thermal or nuclear power plants.We focus in this thesis on the design of the cabling network which allows to collect and route the energy from the wind turbines to a sub-station, linking the wind farm to the electrical network. In this problem, we know the location of each wind turbine of the farm and the one of the sub-station. We also know the location of possible inter-connection nodes which allow to connect different cables between them. Each wind turbine produces a known quantity of energy and with each cable are associated a cost and a capacity (the maximum amount of energy that can be routed through this cable). The optimizationproblem that we consider is to select a set of cables of minimum cost such that the energy produced from the wind turbines can be routed to the sub-station in the network induced by this set of cables, without exceeding the capacity of each cable. We focus on cabling networks resilient to breakdowns.
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Thomas Ridremont. Design of robust networks : application to the design of wind farm cabling networks. Operations Research [cs.RO]. Conservatoire national des arts et metiers - CNAM; Ecole polytechnique (Montréal, Canada), 2019. English. ⟨NNT : 2019CNAM1228⟩. ⟨tel-02137681⟩

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