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Péril en la demeure : la servante dans le roman français de 1850 à 1900

Abstract : This thesis studies the character of the maid in the French novel. It starts from Lamartine's Geneviève, published in 1850, the first novel to make maids a main character, and ends with Octave Mirbeau's The Diary of a chambermaid, in 1900. It also studies the novels of Goncourt, Zola, Maupassant and a set of short stories. This research uses a mainly sociocritical perspective. After a brief examination of the trajectories of authors in the literary field, it undertakes to reconstitute the discourses that the figure of the servant generates or mobilizes. It focuses on how the fiction could appear as a means of parasociological investigation. The figure of the servant is first conceived as a way of questioning the modern work relations as well as the relations between classes in a liberal democracy. The servant's place in the patriarchal pattern and the structure of the home, especially in Haussmann's Paris, is then studied. A final chapter considers the domestic as a sexual fantasy steming from erotic literature but reworked to the prefiguration of what will later be conceptualized as the unconscious. .
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Contributor : Alice de Charentenay <>
Submitted on : Wednesday, May 22, 2019 - 3:17:58 PM
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Alice de Charentenay. Péril en la demeure : la servante dans le roman français de 1850 à 1900. Littératures. Sorbonne université, 2018. Français. ⟨tel-02136960⟩



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