Evaluation et suivi de solvants innovants pour le captage de CO2 présentant une faible pénalité énergétique (<10 %) : développement de stratégies analytiques permettant la compréhension des phénomènes physico-chimiques mis en jeu en vue de leur modélisation

Abstract : Post-combustion CO2 capture using amine solvents is nowadays the most promising technology to limit the CO2 emissions from already existing power plants. The two main limitations of the process are the high energy penalty and the irreversible degradation of amines involving the formation of degradation products potentially toxic for human and the environment. Within the scope of this project, three innovative solvents were selected for their good thermodynamic properties for CO2 capture: the blends 1-methylpiperazine / piperazine (1MPZ/PZ), dimethylaminoethanol / piperazine (DMEA/PZ) and methyldiethanolamine/monoethanolamine (MDEA/MEA). The three blends were degraded in conditions representative of industrial conditions for post-combustion CO2 capture on a lab scale pilot plant constructed by EDF R&D. Complementary analytical methods involving gas and liquid chromatography were developed in order to monitor the stability of the constituent amines, and to identify and quantify potential degradation products formed. These methods permitted the characterization of both the liquid phase of the solvent and the gaseous phase corresponding to the treated flue gas. Results obtained during this project showed that the blend MDEA/MEA would offer the best compromise in terms of chemical stability and energy needed for the process. This solvent presents degradation rates lower than the blends 1MPZ/PZ and DMEA/PZ and would enable a reduction of the reboiler heat duty in the range of 10% when compared to MEA 30% the benchmark solvent of the process.
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Lorena Cuccia. Evaluation et suivi de solvants innovants pour le captage de CO2 présentant une faible pénalité énergétique (<10 %) : développement de stratégies analytiques permettant la compréhension des phénomènes physico-chimiques mis en jeu en vue de leur modélisation. Chimie théorique et/ou physique. Sorbonne Université, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018SORUS025⟩. ⟨tel-02136800⟩

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