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Mg/transition-metal nanomaterials for efficient hydrogen storage

Abstract : Mg/transition-metal nanomaterials for efficient hydrogen storageMagnesium metal is a prominent element for solid-state hydrogen storage due to its large abundance in earth’s crust and its high weight and volumetric hydrogen uptakes. However, hydrogen sorption suffers from sluggish kinetics and the formed hydride is too stable for applications working under ambient conditions. The former issue can be solved by developing composites combining two hydrides, MgH2 and TiH2 at the nanoscale. These materials are synthesized by mechanical milling under reactive atmosphere. By this technique, the formation of nanocomposites and their hydrogenation can be obtained in a single-step. Moreover, these materials can be produced at large scale for application purposes. The work focused on three topics: i) the optimization of the TiH2 content in the (1-y) MgH2+yTiH2 system. This was accomplished by optimizing the titanium content (0.0125≤y≤0.3 mole), while keeping good kinetics, hydrogen reversibility and cycle-life. The data show that y=0.025 is the best compromise to fulfill the most practical properties; ii) the extension to other transition metals for the system 0.95MgH2+0.05TMHx (TM: Sc, Y, Ti, Zr, V and Nb), evaluating the contribution of each additive to kinetics, hydrogen reversibility and cycle-life; iii) the conception of an automatic cycling device able to carry out hundreds of sorption cycles whit the aim of measuring the cycle-life of metal hydrides. The work was done using manifold experimental methods. For synthesis, reactive ball milling under hydrogen atmosphere was primarily used. The crystal structure and the chemical composition of nanomaterials was determined from X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis. Particle size and morphology were obtained by Scanning Electron Microscopy / Energy Dispersive X-Ray Spectroscopy (SEM/EDS). Thermodynamic, kinetic and cycling properties toward hydrogen sorption were determined by the Sieverts method
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Submitted on : Monday, May 20, 2019 - 5:46:06 PM
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Pavel Rizo. Mg/transition-metal nanomaterials for efficient hydrogen storage. Material chemistry. Université Paris-Est, 2018. English. ⟨NNT : 2018PESC1050⟩. ⟨tel-02134889⟩

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