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Etude de la propagation des ondes élastiques de Lamb dans les matériaux composites micro/nano structurés : Application pour l’ingénierie des propriétés physiques des résonateurs électromécaniques

Abstract : The control of elastic wave propagation relies mainly on the design of artificial media based on structured materials to achieve advanced propagation dispersion engineering. During the thesis, the dispersion of the mode (S0) in micro-structured membranes based on AlN was numerically investigated and the resulting applications explored. The strong link between mode dispersion and sensitivity to external disturbances is highlighted by combining the AlN membrane with a layer of SiO2 structured into strips. In particular, it is shown that it is possible to obtain a TCF = 0 for the resonators without any degradation of the K2 coefficient. It is shown that it is possible to open wide band-gaps of 50% by structuring the AlN in the shape of strips or using pillars to form a PhnC. On this basis, designs of cavities and waveguides are proposed and their performances are studied according to the geometrical parameters. It is also proposed a new cavity design based on the introduction of a resonant defect with a disc shape in the PhnC and presenting very small size in comparison to the unit cell. The defect makes it possible to introduce quasi-flat modes in the band diagram and consequently allows the design of a new generation of phononic devices for signal processing and sensor applications. The optimal structures are used to design a magnetic field sensor design, a sensitivity of 5% is obtained for the localized mode in the case of defect based on magneto-elastic thin film.
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Mohammed Moutaouekkil. Etude de la propagation des ondes élastiques de Lamb dans les matériaux composites micro/nano structurés : Application pour l’ingénierie des propriétés physiques des résonateurs électromécaniques. Micro et nanotechnologies/Microélectronique. Ecole Centrale de Lille; Université Mohammed I (Oujda, Maroc). Faculté des sciences, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018ECLI0011⟩. ⟨tel-02134701⟩

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