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Détermination d’un critère de fissuration à chaud par liquation en fonction de la teneur en bore et de sa localisation pour l’acier inoxydable austénitique 316L.

Abstract : Liquation cracking may occur in the heat-affected zone during welding. Two factors influence this phenomenon: the tensile stresses generated during welding and the potential loss of ductility due to the presence of a liquid film at grain boundaries depending on their chemical composition. Gleeble hot ductility tests have been used to study the combined effect of boron content and holding time on ductility drop in the liquation temperature range of a 316L type austenitic stainless steel. It is shown that high boron contents and short holding times promote the loss of ductility in this temperature range. Secondary ion mass spectrometry has been used inattempt to correlate mechanical results to boron distribution either at grain boundaries or in the bulk. Other hot cracking tests (Varestraint, PVR) have been performed to confirm the influence of boron content on hot cracking sensitivity of AISI 316L stainless steels during welding. Results indicate that cracks appear on all specimens and that the minimum external mechanical loading for liquation cracking decreases with boron content. The higher the boron content is, the more the specimen exhibits tendency to hot cracking. A liquation hot cracking criterion has been determined, based on the results of the hot ductility tests and the simulation of welding tests.
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Submitted on : Monday, May 20, 2019 - 3:34:07 PM
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Giai Tran Van. Détermination d’un critère de fissuration à chaud par liquation en fonction de la teneur en bore et de sa localisation pour l’acier inoxydable austénitique 316L.. Mécanique des matériaux [physics.class-ph]. Université de Bretagne Sud, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018LORIS506⟩. ⟨tel-02134428⟩

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