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Comparative biology of susceptible and naturally- resistant Pseudosuccinea columella snails to Fasciola hepatica (Trematoda) infection in Cuba : ecological, molecular and phenotypical aspects

Abstract : Pseudosuccinea columella is one of the main intermediate hosts of Fasciola hepatica, a cosmopolitan snail-borne trematode that affects humans, livestock and wildlife. The occurrence in Cuba of susceptible and naturally-resistant populations of this species to F. hepatica infection (host’s hemocytes encapsulate the parasite upon penetration) offers an interesting Mollusca - Trematoda model with applications on evolutionary biology, health sciences and vector control strategies. Thus, here we explored different ecological, molecular and phenotypical aspects of this system to better understand P. columella resistance. We determined that while susceptible and resistant snails share similar ecological requirements, resistant populations occurred only at low pH (6.5-6.5) and total hardness (TH; 4°-10°d) waters, with low snail species richness, suggesting a high ecological cost of resistance. Comparison of life history traits between susceptible and resistant snails, experimentally-reared at low or common pH/TH conditions, showed that resistant populations display higher tolerance to pH/TH variations and a lower reproductive potential. To gain more insights on the molecular bases of the features associated to resistance in P. columella, we performed comparative “omics” approaches on naïve snails from both phenotypes at whole snail level (RNAseq) and at the albumen gland level (2D-electrophoresis). This thesis presents the latest efforts to broadly characterize this model, which constitute building steps for the comprehension of P. columella resistance and for its application to tackle parasite transmission
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Annia Alba Menendez. Comparative biology of susceptible and naturally- resistant Pseudosuccinea columella snails to Fasciola hepatica (Trematoda) infection in Cuba : ecological, molecular and phenotypical aspects. Parasitology. Université de Perpignan; Instituto Pedro Kouri (La Havane, Cuba), 2018. English. ⟨NNT : 2018PERP0055⟩. ⟨tel-02133876⟩

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