L'éthique du futur et le défi des technologies du vivant

Abstract : This work intends to highlight the ethics of the future in the era of technologies of the living being starting from Jonas and after scrutinizing in the first place the foundations of technosciences that is the emerging reductionism. Just like Heidegger, Jonas is of the view that the problem is not technology itself that it should be blamed but the identity it grants man in that overwhelming instrumental logic, in other words, reductionist materialism. The issue is neither the alarming, disastrous and visible effects of technology but the ontology it generates. Beside true manifestations of destruction it generates, it is the being it confers, or more specifically from which it deprives man who is catastrophic. It is important henceforth to evaluate that reductionist science in terms of a philosophical biology that will become basis to ethics and evaluation criterion for convergent technologies. It is about ethics that has philosophical biology for basis, which challenges materialism-inspired mechanist anthropology, a not-yet ontology that founds modern sciences. Reducing man to laws that rule Physics is violating our individuality. Metabolism (the other name for ontology in Jonas’s terms) is evidence of our individuation. Beyond the anthropomorphism that appears, man remains the only symbolizing animal, the only one to be gifted with introspective consciousness. From that symbolic dimension proceeds culture along with phenomena of self-consciousness. A political responsibility becomes imperative from that philosophical biology to protect man’s integrity and image in the era of technologies of the living that intend to improve or modify human race on the behalf of perfectibility and from processes of reductionist mechanism. But that political responsibility that promotes “a disillusioned Marxism” will not be long in reinforcing, even becoming an instrumental and ideological rationality in the image of lyssenkism. Another form of responsibility becomes imperative: a scientific responsibility framed by Charles De Koninck who calls out to and invites scientists to not give up the human being through their research on the altar of financial subsidies, materialist stench dualism. Science, in its speed is invited to take into account the “human” factor. That scientific responsibility goes beyond behaviorist and deontological rules of scientific committees and expertise. It requires a scientific education for a citizen-based science in order to avoid a blind and ideological science. In a nutshell, from those paradigms, we intend to show that dreams of improvement and increase of achievements of human race are mere illusion.
Document type :
Theses
Complete list of metadatas

Cited literature [679 references]  Display  Hide  Download

https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-02132923
Contributor : Abes Star <>
Submitted on : Friday, May 17, 2019 - 4:44:33 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, September 5, 2019 - 3:14:54 AM

File

va_Amegatsevi_Kokou-Sename.pdf
Version validated by the jury (STAR)

Identifiers

  • HAL Id : tel-02132923, version 1

Collections

Citation

Kokou Sename Amegatsevi. L'éthique du futur et le défi des technologies du vivant. Philosophie. Université René Descartes - Paris V; Université Laval (Québec, Canada), 2013. Français. ⟨NNT : 2013PA05H025⟩. ⟨tel-02132923⟩

Share

Metrics

Record views

230

Files downloads

369