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Une question de style : la métaphore corporelle dans The Rainbow de D. H. Lawrence et ses deux traductions françaises

Abstract : The aim of this research, which draws on a descriptive approach to translation and uses a corpus-based methodology, is to explore D.H. Lawrence’s style through his use of body-related metaphors. I will focus on their stylistic particularities in order to examine the manner in which body metaphors were translated into French. The main argument of my study is that Lawrence’s metaphors are a relevant tool to highlight his vision of human relationship. This thesis falls into three parts: first of all, I explore different theoretical frameworks from Aristotle to more recent studies, notably those carried out by Lakoff and Johnson. This step confirms that metaphors are a relevant tool of communication that organises one’s thought in order to create a specific representation in a given situation. Secondly, in order to weave a link between metaphors and Lawrence’s writing in The Rainbow, I examine style in Translation Studies and beyond. Metaphorising and translating are two closely related processes that revolve around a common aspect, movement. Thirdly, I conduct a qualitative and quantitative analysis of 35 excerpts from the censored and the unabridged edition of The Rainbow (1915) with their French translations by Albine Loisy (1939) and Jacqueline Gouirand-Rousselon (2002) in order to highlight convergences and divergences in the style and metaphorical representations of the body. The recurring use of metaphor in The Rainbow is a means of conceptualising Lawrence’s vision of the world. Both translators had to overcome at least two challenges: to preserve the metaphorical images and to opt for a style that reflects the complexity of the Lawrencian writing, while respecting the stylistic norms of the French language. Differences in translations pave the way for new interpretations that could take shape through future retranslations.
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Aïcha Louzir. Une question de style : la métaphore corporelle dans The Rainbow de D. H. Lawrence et ses deux traductions françaises. Littératures. Université Paul Valéry - Montpellier III, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018MON30056⟩. ⟨tel-02132367⟩

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