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Anti-predator Behavior of Birds and Conservation

Abstract : Prey rely on escape decisions when confronted with predators to maximize the benefits of staying put while reducing the costs of predation. This life history compromise can be reflected by flight initiation distance (FID), the distance at which an individual takes flight when approached by a human. I addressed potential factors explaining variation FID with data from bird species in Europe. Genetic variability was related to predation risk FID; threatened bird species generally had a longer FID than non-threatened closely related species; evolutionary distinctiveness (ED), an indicator reflecting the phylogenetic isolation of taxa, was positively related to FID in waterbirds; mean FID of different species of birds was positively correlated with species-specific levels of MDA (malondialdehyde which is an index of oxidative stress) and UA (uric acid, which is a metric of antioxidant capacity) and FID increased with flock size in gregarious species but not in non-gregarious species. These findings may contribute to the understanding of the causes and consequences of interspecific differences in anti-predator escape behavior of birds, and, more importantly they may provide means for resolving conservation problems. Key words: body mass, brain size, effective population size, phylogenetic linear model, oxidative stress, social behavior
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  • HAL Id : tel-02130624, version 1

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Yiting Jiang. Anti-predator Behavior of Birds and Conservation. Animal biology. Université Paris Saclay (COmUE), 2018. English. ⟨NNT : 2018SACLS076⟩. ⟨tel-02130624⟩

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