Premier pas vers la miniaturisation des cryoréfrigérateurs spatiaux

Abstract : This research is done in the framework of miniaturisation of pulse tube cryocoolers studies and especially to gain a better understanding of the mass flow and heat transfert in the regenerator, which is a crucial component of these type of cryocoolers.In this work we present a numerical and experimental study of the Darcy-Weisbach friction factor and Nusselt number for a continuous and steady flow at moderate Reynolds number O(1−100) in a micro-machined regenerators. The influence of porosity from 40 to 80 % and of the geometry parameters are studied. Well-controlled microstructures represent convoluted channels of 10, 20 or 40 μm width and 100 or 300 μm depth generated by rhombic- or sinusoidal-shaped columns.The channels are etched in Silicon wafers using DRIE MEMS technology. The thermometers are integrated inside the regenerator’s micro-structure to measure the temperature evolution. The efficiency of the regenerators is estimated using two different approaches : the first, as a ratio of pressure drop losses and heat transfer efficiency (NPH/NTU) ; the second, as a volumetric heat transfer density coefficient proposed by Bejan. The numerical study of the efficiency shows theinterest of proposed micro-structures.
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Arkadii Sochinskii. Premier pas vers la miniaturisation des cryoréfrigérateurs spatiaux. Mécanique des fluides [physics.class-ph]. Université Grenoble Alpes, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018GREAY065⟩. ⟨tel-02130456⟩

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