Cavité de type klystron pour des dispositifs microondes

Abstract : The electrical properties of the materials are essential data in the design phases of microwave circuits. Thus, many methods have been developed based on "S" parameter measurements, for transmission-reflection systems, or resonance frequencies, for resonant methods. Each of them has characteristics adapted to a type of the samplegeometry, to the frequency band of analysis, to a desired precision of the results... In all the cases, the dimensions of the sample must be at least of the order of the wavelength and therefore the characterizations become impossible at low frequencies for samples of small sizes. Another disadvantage of these methods is that it is mandatory to know perfectly the thickness of the sample to accurately determine the electrical characteristics of the material. The objective of this thesis work was therefore to develop a new method of characterization based on a cavity of particular geometry. This allows low frequency measurements for dimensions much smaller than the wavelength. With an original coupling system, we have also been able to obtain a particular transmission response, characterized by a resonance frequency and an antiresonance frequency. Compared to conventional methods that only work on the resonant frequency, this double information makes it possible to determine both the permittivity of the medium but also the thickness of the sample.
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Anoumou Apedjinou. Cavité de type klystron pour des dispositifs microondes. Electronique. Université de Limoges, 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019LIMO0017⟩. ⟨tel-02129292⟩

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