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Quantum Measurement and Feedback Control of highly nonclassical Photonic States

Abstract : In recent years, the field of quantum optics has thrived thanks to the possibility of controlling light-matter interaction at the quantum level.This is relevant for the study of fundamental quantum phenomena, the generation of artificial quantum systems, and for quantum information applications.In particular, it has been possible to considerably increase the intensity of light-matter interaction and to shape the coupling of quantum systems to the environment, so to realise unconventional and highly nonclassical states.However, in order to exploit these quantum states for technological applications, the question of how to measure and control these systems is crucial.Our work is focused on proposing and exploring new protocols for the measurement and the control of quantum systems, in which strong interactions and peculiar symmetries lead to the generation of highly nonclassical states.The first situation that we consider is the ultrastrong coupling regime in cavity (circuit) quantum electrodynamics.In this regime, it becomes energetically favourable to have photons and atomic excitations in the ground state, that is no more represented by the standard vacuum.In particular, in case of parity symmetry, the ground state is given by a light-matter Schrödinger cat state.However, according to energy conservation, the photons contained in these exotic vacua are bound to the cavity, and cannot be emitted into the environment.This means that we can not explore and control them by simple photodetection.In our work we propose a protocol that is especially designed to overcome this issue.We show that we can infer the photonic properties of the ground state from the Lamb shift of an ancillary two-level system.Another class of systems in which the fundamental parity symmetry leads to very unconventional quantum states is given by two-photon driven-dissipative resonators.Thanks to the reservoir engineering, it is today possible to shape the interaction with the environment to stabilize the system in particularly interesting quantum states.When a resonator (an optical cavity) exchanges with the environment by pairs of photons, it has been possible to observe the presence of optical Schrödinger cat states in the transient dynamics of the system.However, the quantum correlations of these states quickly decays due to the unavoidable presence of one-photon dissipation.Protecting the system against this perturbation is the goal of the parity triggered feedback protocol that we present in this thesis
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Jared Lolli. Quantum Measurement and Feedback Control of highly nonclassical Photonic States. Physics [physics]. Université Sorbonne Paris Cité, 2017. English. ⟨NNT : 2017USPCC223⟩. ⟨tel-02127613⟩



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