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Near Earth Asteroids associated with meteor showers

Abstract : Meteoroids, asteroids, and comets have been permanently interacting with Earthduring its existence. When an object, such as a comet or an asteroid, revolve around the Sun it may leave fragments of matter behind it and if this object is in Earth’s proximity, those fragments are gathered by the planet gravity. The study of these objects and the link between them can help in the understanding of the formation and evolution conditions of the Solar System, the conditions of developing the life on Earth, the chaotic processes in the Solar System, Earth security and maybe, in future, space industry.All objects within the Solar System are characterized by their orbits andthe meteoroid streams have similar orbits with the objects that produce them. For that reason the most common method of parent body identification is based onorbits similarities, also known as discrimination criteria or D-Criteria. In my work I used three D-Criteria metrics for parent body association. I set a threshold for each metric by using a new threshold selection method. Moreover, I investigated the associated objects orbital stability, in the Lyapunov time sense and their physical properties.Due to the similarities between meteoroid streams and their parent bodies,it is required for the associations to belong to Near Earth Asteroids population. But for this population is difficult to obtain data. The favorable geometry for these objects observations occurs five times per century. For this reason was created an observational program, that aims to obtain physical data for the associated objects that do not have physical data.My results consist from 296 asteroids that were associated with 28 meteorshowers, from which 73 asteroids satisfied all the criteria used. From the dynamical perspective, my sample contains 82% of Apollo asteroids and 7% are classified as potential hazardous, 15.3% are on cometary orbits and 84.3% are on asteroidal orbits. From the physical data perspective, I found two asteroids that are fast-rotators, therefore they can not generate meteors. On the other hand, I also found associated one binary asteroid and one tumbling asteroid, objects with a high probability of being parent bodies.I also managed to find similarities between 5 meteorites and 5 associatedasteroids with physical data and I obtained observational data for three associated asteroids.
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Submitted on : Monday, May 13, 2019 - 12:54:11 PM
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Bogdan Alexandru Dumitru. Near Earth Asteroids associated with meteor showers. Astrophysics [astro-ph]. Université Paris sciences et lettres; Universitatea Bucureşti, 2018. English. ⟨NNT : 2018PSLEO020⟩. ⟨tel-02127297⟩



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