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Budget d’erreur en optique adaptative : Simulation numérique haute performance et modélisation dans la perspective des ELT

Abstract : In a few years, a new class of giants telescopes will appear. The diameter of those telescope will be larger than 20m, up to 39m for the european Extremely Large Telescope (ELT). However, images obtained from ground-based observations are severely impacted by the atmosphere. Then, the resolution of those giants telescopes is equivalent to the one obtained with an amateur telescope of a few tens of centimeters of diameter.Therefore, adaptive optics (AO) becomes essential as it aims to correct in real-time the disturbance due to the atmospherical turbulence and to retrieve the theoretical resolution of the telescope. Nevertheless, AO systems are not perfect: a wavefront residual error remains and still impacts the image quality. The latter is measured by the point spread function (PSF) of the system, and this PSF depends on the wavefront residual error. Hence, identifying and understanding the various contributors of the AO residual error is primordial.For those extremely large telescopes, the dimensioning of their AO systems is challenging. In particular, the numerical complexity impacts the numerical simulation tools useful for the AO design. High performance computing techniques are needed, as such relying on massive parallelization.General Purpose Graphical Processing Unit (GPGPU) enables the use of GPU for this purpose. This architecture is suitable for massive parallelization as it leverages GPU's several thousand of cores, instead of a few tens for classical CPU.In this context, this PhD thesis is composed of three parts. In the first one, it presents the development of COMPASS : a GPU-based high performance end-to-end simulation tool for AO systems that is suitable for ELT scale. The performance of the latter allows simulating AO systems for the ELT in a few minutes. In a second part, an error breakdown estimation tool, ROKET, is added to the end-to-end simulation in order to study the various contributors of the AO residual error. Finally, an analytical model is proposed for those error contributors, leading to a new way to estimate the PSF. Possible on-sky applications are also discussed.
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Submitted on : Monday, May 13, 2019 - 11:04:07 AM
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  • HAL Id : tel-02127074, version 1


Florian Moura Ferreira. Budget d’erreur en optique adaptative : Simulation numérique haute performance et modélisation dans la perspective des ELT. Physique [physics]. Université Sorbonne Paris Cité, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018USPCC032⟩. ⟨tel-02127074⟩



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