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Micro air vehicle to nano air vehicle : theoretical and experimental studies of an artificial flapping insect

Abstract : In recent decades, the prospect of exploiting the exceptional flying capacities of insects has prompted much research on the elaboration of flapping-wing nano air vehicles (FWNAV). However, when designing such a prototype, designers have to wade through a vast array of design solutions that reflects the wide variety of flying insects to identify the correct combination of parameters to meet their requirements. To alleviate this burden, the purpose of this work is to develop a suitable tool to analyze the kinematic and power behavior of a resonant flexible-wing nano air vehicle. The key issue is evaluating its efficiency. However, this ultimate objective is extremely challenging as it is applied to the smallest flexible FWNAV. However, in this work, we worked first with a flapping-wing micro air vehicle (FWMAV) in order to have a tool for the simulation and experimentation of wing actuation, take-off and hovering. Some of the knowledge and experience acquired will then be transferred to better understand how our FWNAV works and identify the energy, power distribution. Although both of the vehicles employ the insect wing kinematics, their wings actuation mechanisms are not the same due to their sizes difference. Since the FWNAV is smaller, their wings flap at a higher frequency than the FWMAV as inspired by nature. As a consequence, from MAV to NAV, the wing actuation mechanism must be changed. Throughout this work, it can be seen clearly that this difference affects the whole vehicles development including the design, the manufacturing method, the modeling approach and the optimizing process. It has been demonstrated that the simulations are in good correlation with the experimental tests. The main result of this work is the proper wing kinematics of both FWMAV and FWNAV which leads to a lift to the weight ratio bigger and equal to one respectively. The FWMAV is even success to take-off and vertically stable hover. Moreover, taking advantage of the Bond Graph-based models, the evolution power according to the wing dynamic and the efficiency of the subsystem can be evaluated. In conclusion, this study shows the key parameters for designing and optimizing efficiency and the lift generated for two flapping wing vehicles in different size regimes.
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Submitted on : Friday, May 10, 2019 - 3:01:06 PM
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Le Anh Doan. Micro air vehicle to nano air vehicle : theoretical and experimental studies of an artificial flapping insect. Micro and nanotechnologies/Microelectronics. Université de Valenciennes et du Hainaut-Cambresis, 2019. English. ⟨NNT : 2019VALE0004⟩. ⟨tel-02125518⟩

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