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Fatigue of Ti-6Al-4V thin parts made by electron beam melting

Abstract : Nowadays, reducing the energy consumption is crucial for most of the industries. For transportation industries, it can be achieved through weight reduction. In this context, cellular structures turn out to be one of the most efficient solution. Thanks to the development of additive manufacturing, producing such complex geometries is no longer an issue. However, their use will remain limited as long as their fatigue performances are not known. This PhD work aimed at understanding the mechanisms that govern the fatigue behaviour of such cellular structures. It was first decided to focus on their unitary element, i.e. a single strut. Single struts samples were manufactured by Electron Beam Melting and then characterized in as-built conditions using different experimental techniques (X-ray tomography, optical and electron microscopy, etc.). Their static and cyclic tensile properties were then evaluated. The rough surface and in particular notch-like defects were found to be responsible for the knockdown of the mechanical properties. Regarding the fatigue resistance, their detrimental impact was predicted using Kitagawa diagrams. It also enabled to explain the impact of the build orientation. Different post-treatments were used in order to improve these mechanical properties. Chemical etching and ultrasonic shot peening (USP) significantly reduced the severity of surface defects of as-built thin struts and thus increased their mechanical properties. After USP, the fatigue properties of machined samples were almost matched. Hot Isostatic Pressing lead to the closure of all internal defects and to the coarsening of the microstructure. When combined with one of the surface treatments, the fatigue properties were further improved. Finally, a method enabling to systematically and automatically extract from the surface the most critical defects and quantitatively analyze their influence on fatigue life was proposed and discussed. It was successfully applied to chemical etched samples but improvements are mandatory for other surface conditions.
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Submitted on : Thursday, May 9, 2019 - 4:33:10 PM
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Théo Persenot. Fatigue of Ti-6Al-4V thin parts made by electron beam melting. Materials. Université de Lyon, 2018. English. ⟨NNT : 2018LYSEI117⟩. ⟨tel-02124567⟩

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