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Catalysts for butadiene synthesis by Ostromyslensky process developed by surface organometallic chemistry

Abstract : In the recent years on-purpose synthesis of butadiene using bioethanol has gained unprecedented attention owing to rise in interest for bio-based feedstock along with the steeply increasing demand for butadiene (BD). In this regard a relevant process is the Ostromyslensky’s two-step process, involving dehydrogenation of ethanol to acetaldehyde in a separate step, followed by butadiene production in the second stage by co-feeding ethanol and acetaldehyde. Although the economic viability and feasibility of this ethanol to butadiene (ETB) process is well established, there is a room for better catalytic performances and selectivity. In this endeavour our aim was to develop a family of well-defined Ta-based silica-supported catalysts through Surface Organometallic Chemistry (SOMC) and test them in the conversion of EtOH/AA to BD. The first set of pre-catalysts was synthesized by treating the previously known [(=SiO)2TaHx] with N2O as mild oxidant. The second family of catalysts was prepared by calcination of the tantalum alkyl species at 500°C. The pre-catalysts were characterized by FTIR, SS NMR, UV-vis-DRS, XRD, EXAFS and HR-STEM. The N2O oxidized SOMC pre-catalysts were found to have mostly isolated [(=SiO)2Ta(OH)x] species populating the surface whereas the family of pre-catalysts synthesized via calcination evidenced a mixture of surface species, including string-like aggregations.Catalytic tests over these catalysts generated promising results exhibiting superior catalysis in the transformation of EtOH/AA to BD in terms of both BD selectivity and yield compared to the state of the art. In addition to the excellent selectivity a narrow range of product distribution and negligible coke formation was observed. Isolated TaOx species on the N2O oxidized pre-catalyst showed markedly better activity and were found to be the active sites in this conversion compared to the string-like aggregation of tantalum centres on the calcined material. Based on this and in-situ DRIFT studies over the catalysts a preliminary mechanism for this conversion was proposed
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Pooja Gaval. Catalysts for butadiene synthesis by Ostromyslensky process developed by surface organometallic chemistry. Other. Université de Lyon; Università degli studi (Bologne, Italie), 2018. English. ⟨NNT : 2018LYSE1315⟩. ⟨tel-02124491⟩

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