Cobalt complexes with N-heterocyclic ligands for catalysis

Abstract : This thesis is divided in two distinct part: on one side, the works concerning the cobalt insertion into the C(O)–N bond of non-planar amides, and the resulting reactions, and on the other side, the development of a new family of cobalt complexes, based on the 5-(4-pyridyl)dipyrromethene ligand and its derivatives.In the first part, concerning cobalt catalysis with amide derivatives, the reactivity of different cobalt precursors and complexes toward non-planar amides has been studied. The insertion of the cobalt can be realized in presence of bipyridine as ligand, en DMF, with manganese powder as reductant system. The otpimization of the amide-to-ester conversion and the reductive cross-coupling between amides and iodo-aryl is then described.In the second part, concerning the coordination chemistry of cobalt, the development of cobalt-dipyrromethene complexes is presented. Firstly, the optimization of the 5-(4-pyridyl)dipyrromethene synthesis is described,followed by complexation tests with different cobalt precursors. With two coordination sites on the ligand, the selective coordination of a transition metal on one of the sites depends mainly on the dipyrrin hindrance. If this part is hindered enough, cobalt chelate preferentially on the pyridyl part. To force the cobalt coordination on the dipyrrin part, it is necessary to occupied the pyridyl part. By coordinating a photoensitive ruthenium precursor on the pyridine, it is possible to obtain un bimetallic cobalt-ruthenium complex, allowing the cobalt photoreduction, and potentially the development of a cobalt catalysis without metallic reductant.
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Yann Bourne Branchu. Cobalt complexes with N-heterocyclic ligands for catalysis. Catalysis. Université Paris-Saclay, 2018. English. ⟨NNT : 2018SACLX075⟩. ⟨tel-02124429⟩

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