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La céramique tardo-républicaine en Italie centro-tyrrhénienne : établissement et confrontation des faciès du Latium septentrional et d'Etrurie méridionale entre le IIe s. et le Ier s. av.n.è.

Abstract : Pottery artifacts are now considered without any doubts as essential elements of our knowledge in ancient worlds in chronological, economical or cultural points of view. Indeed, beyond its use as a dating guide in which so many studies are limited, it's one of the most important source of information beeing a direct product of the society who made it. Itsomnipresence in the archaeological rests and the hight quantity of sherds are linked to the solididy of the material. Indeed, even if the objects are easily breakable, the material – the fired clay – is particularly resistant and destroyable only with difficulty, whether it is by the ground and its nature, the time, the human action or the combination of these various factors. Moreover,it's not recyclable as can be it the glass or the metals, and even less perishable as the organic matters.The choice to focus this research on Late republican centro-Tyrrhenian Italy is not obviously harmless and results from the observation of a blatant gap in our knowledge of its ceramic, although it is about an anchoring, so chronological as geographical, hinge of the Roman History. So, the guideline of this work aims at constituting a first attempt of characterization of the ceramic faciès, as well in its uniformity as in its regional specificities and to determine its internal evolution, whether it is regarding classes, categories, forms and types.To do it, a rigorous methodology was organized to have a corpus compound of enoughsimilar elements to establish a reliable argument. Three axes were in particular at the heart ofthis reflection : the nature of contexts, the possibility of having all the rests and thequantification.The present study focus on two very precise geographical areas - the northern Lazio and the southern Etruria - for which it was necessary to establish the respective faciès and their evolutions by questionning the reports of classes, categories, forms, types and proveniance, through three chronological erae - the first half of IIth s, the second half of IIth s, and Ier s B.C. Macroscopic studies were also realized on clays of the material from two case studies. The technical groups were then confronted with the already existing data to highlight the zones of supply, the questions of trade, imports and local or regional productions.More modestly, this study also tried to open the research to the food practices by confronting the results, in particular morphological and functional, obtained during the establishment of the faciès with the literary sources and the studies already led on the subject. Finally this work, far from being definitive, must be fed by other researches to increase to confirm or counter the proposed hypotheses.
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Submitted on : Monday, May 6, 2019 - 2:43:08 PM
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Lucie Motta. La céramique tardo-républicaine en Italie centro-tyrrhénienne : établissement et confrontation des faciès du Latium septentrional et d'Etrurie méridionale entre le IIe s. et le Ier s. av.n.è.. Histoire. Université de Lyon; Université de Liège, 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019LYSE2005⟩. ⟨tel-02121267⟩

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