Solutions avec flux et géométrie généralisée exceptionnelle

Abstract : The main topic of this thesis are flux compactifications. Firstly, we study dimensional reductions of type II and eleven-dimensional supergravities using exceptional generalised geometry. We start by presenting the needed mathematical tools, focusing on G-structures and their extension to generalised geometry. Then, we move our focus on compactifications. In particular, we mainly focus on type IIA, building the version of exceptional generalised geometry adapted to such supergravity and finding the right deformations of generalised Lie derivative to accomodate the Romans mass. We describe the generalised Scherk-Schwarz method to find consistent truncation ansatze preserving the maximal amount of supersymmetry. We apply such a method to several examples of truncations on spheres, we reproduce the truncation ansatz on S6 and the embedding tensor leading to dyonically gauged ISO(7) supergravity in four dimensions. For spheres of dimension d = 2; 3; 4, we find an obstruction to have generalised parallelisations in massive theory, giving the evidence that maximally supersymmetric reductions might not exist. As further point, we study generalised calibrations on AdS backgrounds in type IIB and M-theory. We find these are described by Exceptional Sasaki-Einstein structures and we place the focus on the generalised Reeb vectors. The inequalities for the energy bound are derived by decomposing a _-symmetry condition and equivalently, bispinors in calibration conditions from existing literature. We explain how the closure of the calibration forms is related to the integrability conditions of the Exceptional Sasaki- Einstein structure, in particular for AdS space-filling or point-like branes. Doing so, we show that the form parts of the twisted vector structure in M-theory provides the expected generalised calibrations. The IIB case yields similar results.
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Oscar de Felice. Solutions avec flux et géométrie généralisée exceptionnelle. High Energy Physics - Theory [hep-th]. Sorbonne Université, 2018. English. ⟨NNT : 2018SORUS041⟩. ⟨tel-02121080⟩

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