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La médiation culturelle et ses enjeux pour le développement des pratiques artistiques en vue de la construction de la citoyenneté au Chili

Abstract : This thesis aims to analyze the Chilean cultural policy through the programs offered by the National Council of Culture and Arts (CNCA) to promote access for the citizens to culture and the development of cultural practices. The focus is put on the role that the cultural mediation has in this process, mainly in underprivileged sectors of society.The issue of access is, therefore, the heart of the problem in this area. It addresses two complementary strategies of the CNCA, on one hand, the intention to impose a specific type of art (high culture) toward citizenship, and on the other, the culture development of each community by means of diversifying culture offer and supporting artistic practices. Thus, the CNCA provides tools, but the success in these implementation by mediation agents depend of their political and ideological orientations not always in line with CNCA guidelines.This qualitative research is based mainly on interviews with mediation agents, subject experts and programs managers of CNCA. It seeks to contribute to a better understanding of the mediation process and especially the links established in the community where they are immersed. The research also aims to highlight the potential role of mediation in reducing inequalities of access. Our analysis has revealed the role of mediation agents in identifying and resolving tensions arising between the objectives of these programs and the expectations of their participants in cultural and artistic practices. We also study forms of subjectivation that they are experimenting.The transformations that the programs may achieve on the communities, are also a point of special attention to identify the main problems raised by the performance of the State when it seeks to generate diverse routes of access to culture to promote a respectful cultural identity about the specific culture of each population group.
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Daniel Munoz-Farias. La médiation culturelle et ses enjeux pour le développement des pratiques artistiques en vue de la construction de la citoyenneté au Chili. Sciences de l'information et de la communication. Université Sorbonne Paris Cité, 2016. Français. ⟨NNT : 2016USPCD055⟩. ⟨tel-02115398⟩

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