L’émotion esthétique aux frontières du lien : accordages, perceptions et représentations des limites dans le groupe art-thérapeutique à médiation plastique, en psychiatrie

Abstract : Our thesis aims to define the influence of aesthetic emotion in the process of visual art therapy, on subjects suffering from psychotic disorders or boundary issues. We shall observe the way it relates to psycho-corporal boundaries, in a context where leadership of a group is assumed in hospital institution. Our study thereby details a peculiarity specific to the situation of the artist in art-therapeutic relationship, which involves his or her aesthetic sensibility, creating a mirror-effect with the aesthetic questions of the subject expressing their creativity. Our overall hypothesis is that of a link between aesthetic emotion and the bonding process (Stern, 1989) between the art-therapist and the subjects within the art-therapy group, and that this triggers perceptions and representations of boundaries among these subjects. The research took place in two stages, on four groups of adolescent subjects and two groups of adult subjects. The first phase enabled the collection of results produced prior to our initial research which focused on three groups, and during which we held art-therapy sessions in the presence of an observer and a carer. Data was collected for two goals : to understand the role of aesthetic emotion in transferential movements within the group and the therapeutic effects of these processes, in relation to the creative processes and on the formal representations in the artistic work (observation sheets, self-administered questionnaires, clinical notes) ; and to enrich the objectification of the therapeutic effect of this approach, with tests before/after (projective tests for the six groups, and, for one of them, aesthetic perception tests with eye-tracking, the first results of which are presented under development). An element of mirroring became apparent between the art-therapist (a strangeness in the aesthetic emotion) and the subjects (well-being in the aesthetic emotion, often in relation to gestures), as well as a potential connection between this mirroring and the appearance of boundaries within artistic works, at pivotal moments during sessions. We have paid special attention to this aspect in our thesis, by considering drive aspect in accordance with our examination of aesthetic emotion, at the meeting point between the scopic drive, the aesthetic gaze and its mirror effect.
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Géraldine Canet. L’émotion esthétique aux frontières du lien : accordages, perceptions et représentations des limites dans le groupe art-thérapeutique à médiation plastique, en psychiatrie. Psychiatrie et santé mentale. Université Sorbonne Paris Cité, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017USPCB012⟩. ⟨tel-02110636⟩

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