Recomposition de l’ordre disciplinaire et analyse des faits économiques : le cas de la VIe Section et de l’Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales

Abstract : This work analyzes the transformations in the division of intellectual labor in social science by considering the study of economic facts within the Sixth Section and the EHESS in the postwar era. Created with the support of the Rockefeller Foundation in 1947, the Sixth Section was meant to meet the need for economic expertise during reconstruction. First, “realistic economists”, then dominant within the institution, advocated a pluralistic approach to economic facts and used the methodology of other social sciences. Very quickly, however, this approach was considered too removed from the patrons’ concerns and the attempts to bring economists closer to political and economic powers failed in the mid-1950s. In addition, the reorganization of the scientific agenda of the Sixth Section around the so-called “areas study program” promoted other approaches to economic facts, in particular economic history and economic anthropology, accentuating the decline of economics at EHESS. In the mid-1970s, however, the institution's new leadership helped the revival of economics around theoretical modeling. Based on international scientific standards, this approach estranged economists from other social science disciplines.
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Serge Benest. Recomposition de l’ordre disciplinaire et analyse des faits économiques : le cas de la VIe Section et de l’Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales. Economies et finances. Université Paris-Saclay, 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019SACLN010⟩. ⟨tel-02110362⟩

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