Observer Design for Different Classes of Nonlinear Delayed Systems.

Abstract : Time-delay is a natural phenomenon that is present in most physical systems and engineering applications, thus, delay systems have been an active area of research in control engineering for more than 60 years. Observer design is one of the most important subject that has been dealt with, this is due to the importance of observers in control engineering systems not only when sensing is not sufficient but also when a sensing reliability is needed. In this work, the main goal was to design observers for different classes of nonlinear delayed systems with an arbitrary large delay, using different approaches. In the first part, the problem of observer design is addressed for a class of triangular nonlinear systems with not necessarily small delay and sampled output measurements. Another major difficulty with this class of systems is the fact that the state matrix is dependent on the un-delayed output signal which is not accessible to measurement. A new chain observer, composed of sub-observers in series, is designed to compensate for output sampling and arbitrary large delays.In the second part of this work, another kind of triangular nonlinear delayed systems was considered, where this time the delay was considered as a first order hyperbolic partial differential equation. The inverse backstepping transformation was invoked and a chain observer was developed to ensure its effectiveness in case of large delays. Finally, a new observer was designed for a class of nonlinear parabolic partial differential equations under point measurements, in the case of large delays. The observer was composed of several chained sub-observers. Each sub-observer compensates a fraction of the global delay. The stability analyses of the error systems were based on different Lyapunov-Krasovskii functionals. Also different mathematical tools have been used in order to prove the results. Simulation results were presented to confirm the accuracy of the theoretical results
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Mohamed Kahelras. Observer Design for Different Classes of Nonlinear Delayed Systems.. Automatic Control Engineering. Université Paris-Saclay, 2019. English. ⟨NNT : 2019SACLS005⟩. ⟨tel-02109668⟩

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