, Max Planck Institute of Quantum Optics, 85748 Garching

, Institute for Particle Physics

. Laboratoire-kastler-brossel, P. University, M. Et, and . Curie, Physics Department, vol.5, pp.3004-516

S. Institut-für,

, Physics Department, pp.892-516

, Physics Department, vol.300

A. Matveev, C. G. Parthey, K. Predehl, J. Alnis, A. Beyer et al., Precision Measurement of the Hydrogen 1 S-2 S Frequency via a 920-km Fiber Link, Physical Review Letters, vol.110, p.230801, 2013.

C. G. Parthey, A. Matveev, J. Alnis, B. Bernhardt, A. Beyer et al., Improved measurement of the hydrogen 1 s-2 s transition frequency, Physical review letters, vol.107, 2011.

C. B-de-beauvoir, . Schwob, . Acef, . Jozefowski, . Hilico et al., Metrology of the hydrogen and deuterium atoms: determination of the Rydberg constant and Lamb shifts, The European Physical Journal D-Atomic Molecular Optical and Plasma Physics, vol.12, pp.61-93, 2000.

D. Z. Kandula, C. Gohle, T. J. Pinkert, W. Ubachs, and K. S. Eikema, Extreme ultraviolet frequency comb metrology, Physical review letters, p.63001, 2010.

J. Borbely, M. George, L. Lombardi, D. Weel, E. Fitzakerley et al., Separated oscillatory-field microwave measurement of the 2 P 3 1-2 P 3 2 fine-structure interval of atomic helium, Physical Review A, p.60503, 2009.

M. Smiciklas and D. Shiner, Determination of the fine structure constant using helium fine structure, Physical review letters, p.123001, 2010.

K. Pachucki and V. A. Yerokhin, Fine structure of heliumlike ions and determination of the fine structure constant, Physical review letters, vol.104, p.70403, 2010.

H. Bruhns, . Braun, J. C. Kubi?ek, J. López-urrutia, and . Ullrich, Testing QED screening and two-loop contributions with He-like ions, Physical review letters, vol.99, p.113001, 2007.

P. Amaro, S. Schlesser, M. Guerra, E. Bigot, J. Isac et al., Absolute Measurement of the Relativistic Magnetic Dipole Transition Energy in Heliumlike Argon, Physical Review Letters, vol.109, p.43005, 2012.

C. T. Chantler, Testing Three-Body Quantum Electrodynamics with Trapped Ti20+Ions: Evidence for a Z-dependent Divergence Between Experiment and Calculation, Physical Review Letters, vol.109, p.153001, 2012.

J. K. Rudolph, X-Ray Resonant Photoexcitation: Linewidths and Energies of K alpha Transitions in Highly Charged Fe Ions, Physical Review Letters, issue.111, p.103002, 2013.

C. T. Chantler, A. T. Payne, J. D. Gillaspy, L. T. Hudson, L. F. Smale et al., X-ray measurements in helium-like atoms increased discrepancy between experiment and theoretical QED, New Journal of Physics, vol.16, p.123037, 2014.

A. Payne, C. Chantler, M. Kinnane, J. Gillaspy, L. Hudson et al., Helium-like titanium x-ray spectrum as a probe of QED computation, Journal of Physics B: Atomic Molecular and Optical Physics, vol.47, p.185001, 2014.

P. H. Kubi?ek, . Mokler, . Mäckel, J. R. Ullrich, and . López-urrutia, Transition energy measurements in hydrogenlike and heliumlike ions strongly supporting bound-state QED calculations, Physical Review A, p.32508, 2014.

P. Beiersdorfer and G. V. Brown, Experimental study of the x-ray transitions in the heliumlike isoelectronic sequence: Updated results, p.53

S. W. Epp, Single-photon excitation of K?in heliumlike Kr34+: Results supporting quantum electrodynamics predictions, Physical Review A, p.20502, 2015.

S. Sturm, A. Wagner, B. Schabinger, J. Zatorski, Z. Harman et al., Factor of Hydrogenlike Si 13+ 28, vol.107, p.23002, 2011.

A. Wagner, . Sturm, D. A. Köhler, A. V. Glazov, . Volotka et al., g Factor of Lithiumlike Silicon 28 Si 11+, Physical Review Letters, vol.110, p.33003, 2013.

S. Sturm, . Köhler, . Zatorski, . Wagner, . Harman et al., High-precision measurement of the atomic mass of the electron, Nature, vol.2014, pp.1-4

F. Köhler, S. Sturm, A. Kracke, G. Werth, W. Quint et al., The electron mass from g-factor measurements on hydrogen-like carbon 12C5+, Journal of Physics B: Atomic Molecular and Optical Physics, vol.48, p.144032, 2015.

J. Ullmann, Z. Andelkovic, A. Dax, W. Geithner, C. Geppert et al., An improved value for the hyperfine splitting of hydrogen-like 209Bi82+, Journal of Physics B: Atomic Molecular and Optical Physics, vol.48, p.144022, 2015.

J. Marques, . Indelicato, J. Parente, J. Sampaio, and . Santos, Ground-state Landé g factors for selected ions along the boron isoelectronic sequence, Physical Review A, p.42504, 2016.

V. Yerokhin, . Berseneva, I. Harman, C. Tupitsyn, and . Keitel, Weighted difference of g factors of light Li-like and H-like ions for an improved determination of the fine-structure constant, Physical Review A, p.22502, 2016.

A. L. Beiersdorfer, J. H. Osterheld, J. R. Scofield, K. Crespo-lópez-urrutia, and . Widmann, Measurement of QED and Hyperfine Splitting in the 2s1/2-2p3/2X-ray transition in Li-like209Bi80+, Physical Review Letters, vol.80, pp.3022-3025, 1998.

P. Seelig, . Borneis, . Dax, S. Engel, M. Faber et al., Ground State Hyperfine Splitting of Hydrogenlike 207 Pb 8 1+ by Laser Excitation of a Bunched Ion Beam in the GSI Experimental Storage Ring, Physical review letters, vol.81, p.4824, 1998.

P. Boucard and . Indelicato, Relativistic many-body and QED effects on the hyperfine structure of lithium-like ions, The European Physical Journal D, issue.8, p.59, 2000.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-02093817

P. Beiersdorfer, S. B. Utter, K. L. Wong, J. R. López-urrutia, J. A. Britten et al., Hyperfine structure of hydrogenlike thallium isotopes, p.32506, 2001.

V. Yerokhin and V. Shabaev, One-loop self-energy correction to the 1 s and 2 s hyperfine splitting in H-like systems, Physical Review A, vol.64, p.12506, 2001.

V. M. Shabaev, A. N. Artemyev, V. A. Yerokhin, O. M. Zherebtsov, and . Soff, Towards a Test of QED in Investigations of the Hyperfine Splitting in Heavy Ions, Physical Review Letters, vol.86, pp.3959-3962, 2001.

A. V. Volotka, D. A. Glazov, O. V. Andreev, V. M. Shabaev, I. I. Tupitsyn et al., Test of Many-Electron QED Effects in the Hyperfine Splitting of Heavy High-Z Ions, Physical Review Letters, vol.108, p.73001, 2012.

O. Andreev, D. Glazov, A. Volotka, V. Shabaev, and . Plunien, Evaluation of the screened vacuum-polarization corrections to the hyperfine splitting of Li-like bismuth, Physical Review A, vol.85, p.22510, 2012.

W. Nörtershäuser, M. Lochmann, R. Jöhren, C. Geppert, Z. Andelkovic et al., First observation of the ground-state hyperfine transition in 209Bi80+, Physica Scripta, p.14016, 2013.

M. Lochmann, Observation of the hyperfine transition in lithiumlike bismuth, Physical Review A, p.30501, 2014.

P. Beiersdorfer, G. V. Träbert, . Brown, D. B. Clementson, M. H. Thorn et al., Hyperfine Splitting of the 2s1/2and 2p1/2Levels in Li-and Be-like Ions of Pr59141, Physical Review Letters, vol.112, p.233003, 2014.

J. Vollbrecht, . Andelkovic, . Dax, C. Geithner, C. Geppert et al., Journal of Physics: Conference Series, vol.583, p.12002, 2015.

J. Ullmann, Z. Andelkovic, C. Brandau, A. Dax, W. Geithner et al., High precision hyperfine measurements in Bismuth challenge bound-state strong-field QED, Nature Communications, vol.8, 2017.

R. , The size of the proton, Nature, vol.466, pp.213-216, 2010.

A. Antognini, Proton Structure from the Measurement of 2S-2P Transition Frequencies of Muonic Hydrogen, Science, vol.339, pp.417-420, 2013.

P. J. Mohr, B. N. Taylor, and D. B. Newell, CODATA recommended values of the fundamental physical constants: 2010 a, Journal of Physical and Chemical Reference Data, vol.84, p.1527, 2012.

R. Pohl, Laser spectroscopy of muonic deuterium, Science, vol.353, pp.669-673, 2016.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01554340

A. Beyer, The Rydberg Constant and Proton Size from Atomic Hydrogen, vol.358, pp.79-85, 2017.

V. Shabaev, A. Artemyev, V. Yerokhin, O. Zherebtsov, and . Soff, Towards a test of QED in investigations of the hyperfine splitting in heavy ions, Physical review letters, vol.86, p.3959, 2001.

J. Ullmann, Z. Andelkovic, C. Brandau, A. Dax, W. Geithner et al., High precision hyperfine measurements in Bismuth challenge bound-state strong-field QED, Nature Communications, vol.8, 2017.

M. Herrmann, U. D. Haas, F. Jentschura, D. Kottmann, G. Leibfried et al., Feasibility of coherent xuv spectroscopy on the 1 S-2 S transition in singly ionized helium, Physical Review A, p.52505, 2009.

W. E. Lamb and R. C. Retherford, Fine structure of the hydrogen atom by a microwave method, Physical Review, vol.72, p.241, 1947.

H. Kusch and . Foley, The magnetic moment of the electron, Physical Review, vol.74, p.250, 1948.

I. Sick, Problems with proton radii, Progress in Particle and Nuclear Physics, vol.67, pp.473-478, 2012.

A. Antognini, F. Schuhmann, . Amaro, . Amaro, . Abdou-ahmed et al., EPJ Web of Conferences, vol.113, p.1006, 2016.

C. E. Carlson, The proton radius puzzle, Progress in Particle and Nuclear Physics, vol.82, pp.59-77, 2015.

T. Nebel, F. Amaro, . Antognini, J. Biraben, D. Cardoso et al., The Lamb-shift experiment in muonic helium, Hyperfine interactions, vol.212, pp.195-201, 2012.

A. Antognini, F. Biraben, J. Cardoso, D. Covita, A. Dax et al., Illuminating the proton radius conundrum: the µHe+ Lamb shift This paper was presented at the International Conference on Precision Physics of Simple Atomic Systems, held at École de Physique, Canadian Journal of Physics, vol.89, pp.47-57, 2010.

E. Kemble and R. Present, On the breakdown of the Coulomb law for the Hydrogen atom, Physical Review, vol.44, p.1031, 1933.

E. Uehling, Polarization effects in the positron theory, Physical Review, vol.48, p.55, 1935.

H. A. Bethe, The electromagnetic shift of energy levels, Physical Review, vol.72, p.339, 1947.

B. Franke, J. J. Krauth, A. Antognini, M. Diepold, F. Kottmann et al., Theory of the n= 2 levels in muonic helium-3 ions, 2017.

M. Diepold, J. J. Krauth, B. Franke, A. Antognini, F. Kottmann et al., Theory of the Lamb shift and fine structure in µ 4He+, 2016.

S. G. Karshenboim, V. G. Ivanov, and E. Y. Korzinin, Relativistic recoil corrections to the electron-vacuum-polarization contribution in light muonic atoms, Physical Review A, vol.85, p.32509, 2012.

A. Krutov, A. Martynenko, G. Martynenko, and R. Faustov, Theory of the Lamb shift in muonic helium ions, Journal of Experimental and Theoretical Physics, vol.120, pp.73-90, 2015.

E. Borie, Lamb shift in light muonic atoms, p.1103, 2014.

U. D. Jentschura and B. J. Wundt, Semi-analytic approach to higher-order corrections in simple muonic bound systems: Vacuum polarization, selfenergy and radiative-recoil, The European Physical Journal D, vol.65, pp.357-366, 2011.

E. Y. Korzinin, V. G. Ivanov, and S. G. Karshenboim, Z ?) 4 m contributions to the Lamb shift and the fine structure in light muonic atoms, Physical Review D, issue.2, p.125019, 2013.

S. G. Karshenboim, E. Y. Korzinin, V. Ivanov, and V. Shelyuto, Contribution of light-by-light scattering to energy levels of light muonic atoms, JETP letters, vol.92, pp.8-14, 2010.

C. Ji, N. N. Dinur, S. Bacca, and N. Barnea, Nuclear polarization effects in muonic atoms, Few-Body Systems, vol.55, pp.917-921, 2014.

C. Ji, N. N. Dinur, S. Bacca, and N. Barnea, Nuclear Polarization Corrections to the µ He+ 4 Lamb Shift, Physical review letters, issue.111, p.143402, 2013.

K. Pachucki, Theory of the Lamb shift in muonic hydrogen, Physical Review A, p.2092, 1996.

G. Reifenröther, R. Klempt, and . Landua, Cascade of muonic helium atoms, Physics Letters B, vol.191, pp.15-20, 1987.

H. , V. Arb, F. Dittus, H. Heeb, H. Hofer et al., Measurement of the lifetime and quenching rate of metastable 2S muonic helium ions, Physics Letters B, vol.136, pp.232-236, 1984.

R. Bacher, Decay rates of the metastable states of one-electron atoms and of the 2S-states of muonic atoms, Zeitschrift für Physik A Hadrons and Nuclei, vol.315, pp.135-136, 1984.

M. Olivo, J. Mariani, and . Sherman, The PSI 870 keV high intensity CockcroftWalton preinjector, Review of scientific instruments, vol.63, pp.2714-2716, 1992.

P. Dececco, D. Hauser, . Horváth, L. Kottmann, . Simons et al., A new method to produce a negative muon beam of keV energies, Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators Spectrometers Detectors and Associated Equipment, vol.394, pp.287-294, 1997.

M. Mühlbauer, F. Daniel, . Hartmann, F. Hauser, C. Kottmann et al., Hyperfine Interactions, vol.119, pp.305-310, 1999.

J. Vogelsang, M. Diepold, A. Antognini, A. Dax, J. Götzfried et al., Multipass laser cavity for efficient transverse illumination of an elongated volume, Optics express, vol.22, pp.13050-13062, 2014.

L. Fernandes, F. Amaro, J. Antognini, C. Cardoso, O. Conde et al., Characterization of large area avalanche photodiodes in X-ray and VUV-light detection, Journal of Instrumentation, vol.2, p.8005, 2007.

A. Gouvêa, Doctoral dissertation, Faculty of Sciences and Technology of the University of Coimbra, 2015.

A. Antognini, K. Schuhmann, F. D. Amaro, F. Biraben, A. Dax et al., Thin-disk Yb: YAG oscillator-amplifier laser, ASE, and effective Yb: YAG lifetime, IEEE Jour, vol.45, pp.993-1005, 2009.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00432553

K. Schuhmann, A. Antognini, K. Kirch, T. Graf, M. A. Ahmed et al., Weichelt in Advanced Solid State Lasers, pp.3-46, 2013.

T. Nebel, Doctoral dissertation, 2010.

S. Ritt and . Amaudruz, Proc. IEEE 10th Real Time Conf, pp.309-312, 1997.

S. Ritt and P. Amaudruz, MIDAS-Maximum Integrated Data Acquisition System, Paul Scherrer Institut and TRIUMF, 2001.

R. Brun and F. Rademakers, ROOT-an object oriented data analysis framework, Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators Spectrometers Detectors and Associated Equipment, vol.389, pp.81-86, 1997.

I. Antcheva, M. Ballintijn, B. Bellenot, M. Biskup, R. Brun et al., ROOT-A C++ framework for petabyte data storage, statistical analysis and visualization, Computer Physics Communications, vol.180, pp.2499-2512, 2009.

I. Antcheva, M. Ballintijn, B. Bellenot, M. Biskup, R. Brun et al., ROOT-A C++ framework for petabyte data storage, statistical analysis and visualization, Computer Physics Communications, vol.182, pp.1384-1385, 2011.

A. Baron and S. Ruby, Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators Spectrometers Detectors and Associated Equipment, vol.343, pp.517-526, 1994.

M. Diepold, Improved x-ray detection and particle identification with avalanche photodiodes, Review of Scientific Instruments, vol.86, p.53102, 2015.

M. Diepold, Doctoral dissertation, 2015.

J. Krauth, Doctoral dissertation, 2017.

P. Amaro, Quantum interference effects in laser spectroscopy of muonic hydrogen, deuterium, and helium-3, Physical Review A, p.22514, 2015.

R. C. Brown, S. Wu, J. Porto, C. J. Sansonetti, C. Simien et al., Quantum interference and light polarization effects in unresolvable atomic lines, vol.6

, Li D 2 lines, Physical Review A, vol.87, p.32504, 2013.

A. Antognini, Doctoral dissertation, 2005.

G. Y. Korenman, V. Pomerantsev, and V. Popov, Collisional shift and broadening of the 2 p-2 s spectral lines in muonic helium ions, Physical Review A, vol.88, p.32503, 2013.

R. Loudon, The quantum theory of light, 2000.

I. Sick, Precise root-mean-square radius of He 4, Physical Review C, p.41302, 2008.

I. Sick, Elastic electron scattering from light nuclei, Progress in Particle and Nuclear Physics, vol.47, pp.245-318, 2001.

R. D. Deslattes, E. G. Kessler, P. Indelicato, . De-billy, and A. Lindroth, X-ray transition energies: new approach to a comprehensive evaluation, Reviews of Modern Physics, vol.75, p.35, 2003.

R. Deslattes, P. Cowan, and R. Lavilla, AIP Conference Proceedings, vol.94, pp.100-104, 1982.

R. Deslattes, R. Lavilla, P. Cowan, and . Henins, Threshold studies of a multivacancy process in the K ? region of argon, Physical Review A, p.923, 1983.

M. Deutsch, . Gang, C. Hämäläinen, and . Kao, Onset and Near Threshold Evolution of the Cu K ? X-Ray Satellites, Physical review letters, vol.76, p.2424, 1996.

M. Deutsch, . Hölzer, . Härtwig, . Wolf, . Fritsch et al., K? and K? x-ray emission spectra of copper, Physical Review A, p.283, 1995.

M. Deutsch, E. Förster, G. Hölzer, J. Härtwig, C. Hämäläinen et al., X-ray spectrometry of copper: new results on an old subject, Journal of research of the National Institute of Standards and Technology, vol.109, p.75, 2004.

G. Hölzer, M. Fritsch, . Deutsch, . Härtwig, and . Förster, K ? 1, 2 and K ? 1, 3 x-ray emission lines of the 3 d transition metals, Physical Review A, vol.56, p.4554, 1997.

D. F. Anagnostopoulos, . Gotta, L. M. Indelicato, and . Simons, Low-Energy X-Ray Standards from Hydrogenlike Pionic Atoms, Physical Review Letters, vol.91, p.79, 2003.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00000948

D. F. Anagnostopoulos, On the characterisation of a Bragg spectrometer with X-rays from an ECR source, Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators Spectrometers Detectors and Associated Equipment, vol.545, pp.217-224, 2005.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00002575

D. F. Anagnostopoulos, Highly charged ions in exotic atoms research at PSI, Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section B: Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms, vol.205, pp.9-14, 2003.

G. Douysset, . Khodja, J. Girard, and . Briand, Highly charged ion densities and ion confinement properties in an electron-cyclotron-resonance ion source, Physical Review E, p.3015, 2000.

P. Indelicato, E. Bigot, M. Trassinelli, D. Gotta, M. Hennebach et al., Characterization of a charge-coupled device array for Bragg spectroscopy, Review of scientific instruments, vol.77, p.43107, 2006.

P. Indelicato, Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators Spectrometers Detectors and Associated Equipment, vol.580, pp.8-13, 2007.

E. L. Bigot, S. Boucard, D. Covita, D. Gotta, A. Gruber et al., High-precision x-ray spectroscopy in few-electron ions, Physica Scripta, p.14015, 2009.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00435758

M. C. Martins, J. P. Marques, A. M. Costa, J. P. Santos, F. Parente et al., Production and decay of sulfur excited species in an electron-cyclotron-resonance ion-source plasma, Physical Review A, p.32501, 2009.

J. P. Santos, M. C. Martins, A. M. Costa, F. Indelicato, and . Parente, X-ray spectra emitted by Cl14+ ions in ECRIS plasmas, vol.82, pp.1522-1524, 2008.

J. P. Santos, A. M. Costa, J. P. Marques, M. C. Martins, F. Indelicato et al., X-ray-spectroscopy analysis of electron-cyclotron-resonance ion-source plasmas, Physical Review A, p.62516, 2010.

J. P. Santos, M. C. Martins, A. M. Costa, J. P. Marques, F. Indelicato et al., Production and decay of chlorine ion excited species in an electron cyclotron resonance ion source plasma, Physica Scripta, 2011.

C. Chantler and J. Kimpton, Recent developments in X-ray tests of quantum electrodynamics This paper was presented at the International Conference on Precision Physics of Simple Atomic Systems, Canadian Journal of Physics, vol.87, pp.763-772, 2008.

G. Plunien, B. Müller, W. Greiner, and G. Soff, Nuclear polarization in heavy atoms and superheavy quasiatoms, Physical Review A, p.5853, 1991.

G. Plunien and G. Soff, Nuclear-polarization contribution to the Lamb shift in actinide nuclei, Physical Review A, p.1119, 1995.

G. Plunien and G. Soff, Erratum: Nuclear-polarization contribution to the Lamb shift in actinide nuclei, Physical Review A, p.4614, 1996.

P. Beier, H. Mohr, G. Persson, and . Soff, Influence of nuclear size on QED corrections in hydrogenlike heavy ions, Physical Review A, vol.58, p.954, 1998.

K. Eikema, . Ubachs, . Vassen, and . Hogervorst, Precision Measurements in Helium at 58 nm: Ground State Lamb Shift and the 1 1 S-2 1 P Transition Isotope Shift, Physical review letters, vol.76, p.1216, 1996.

K. Eikema, . Ubachs, . Vassen, and . Hogervorst, Lamb shift measurement in the 1 t 1 S ground state of helium, Physical Review A, vol.55, p.1866, 1997.

D. Z. Kandula, C. Gohle, T. J. Pinkert, W. Ubachs, and K. S. Eikema, XUV frequency-comb metrology on the ground state of helium, Physical Review A, vol.84, p.62512, 2011.

K. Pachucki, Effective Hamiltonian approach to the bound state: energy of helium-states in the order, Journal of Physics B: Atomic Molecular and Optical Physics, p.2489, 1998.

K. Pachucki, Quantum electrodynamics effects on singlet S-states of helium of order, Journal of Physics B: Atomic Molecular and Optical Physics, p.3547, 1998.

K. Pachucki, ? 4 R corrections to singlet states of helium, Physical Review A, vol.74, p.22512, 2006.

K. Pachucki, Helium energy levels including m ? 6 corrections, Physical Review A, vol.74, p.62510, 2006.

V. A. Yerokhin and K. Pachucki, Theoretical energies of low-lying states of light helium-like ions, Physical Review A, p.22507, 2010.

A. N. Artemyev, V. M. Shabaev, V. A. Yerokhin, G. Plunien, and . Soff, QED calculation of the n=1and n=2energy levels in He-like ions, Physical Review A, p.62104, 2005.

K. Angeli and . Marinova, Table of experimental nuclear ground state charge radii: An update, vol.99, pp.69-95, 2013.

E. Aglitskii, V. Boiko, S. Zakharov, S. A. Pikuz, and A. Y. Faenov, Observation in laser plasmas and identification of dielectron satellites of spectral lines of hydrogen-and helium-like ions of elements in the Na-V range, Soviet Journal of Quantum Electronics, vol.4, p.500, 1974.

H. Dohmann and . Mann, Measurement of the lifetime of the 3 P 2 and 4 P 5/2 states in Ar 16+ and Ar 15+, Zeitschrift für Physik A Hadrons and Nuclei, vol.291, pp.15-22, 1979.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/jpa-00218425

J. Briand, J. Mosse, P. Indelicato, . Chevallier, . Girard-vernhet et al., Spectroscopy of hydrogenlike and heliumlike argon, Physical Review A, vol.28, p.1413, 1983.

T. Stöhlker, P. Mokler, . Beckert, H. Bosch, . Eickhoff et al., X-ray emission from very-heavy H-and He-like ions in collisions with gaseous and solid targets, Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section B: Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms, vol.87, pp.64-69, 1994.

T. Stöhlker, P. Mokler, R. Bosch, . Dunford, . Franzke et al., 1 s Lamb Shift in Hydrogenlike Uranium Measured on Cooled, Decelerated Ion Beams, Physical review letters, vol.85, p.3109, 2000.

A. Gumberidze, T. Stöhlker, . Bana?, . Beckert, H. Beller et al., Quantum electrodynamics in strong electric fields: the ground-state lamb shift in hydrogenlike uranium, Physical review letters, vol.94, p.223001, 2005.

R. Deslattes, H. Beyer, and . Folkmann, Precision X-ray wavelength measurements in helium-like argon recoil ions, Journal of Physics B: Atomic and Molecular Physics, vol.17, p.689, 1984.

H. Beyer, K. Indelicato, . Finlayson, R. Liesen, and . Deslattes, Measurement of the 1s Lamb shift in hydrogenlike nickel, Physical Review A, p.223, 1991.

K. Kubi?ek, . Braun, J. R. Bruhns, P. H. Crespo-lópez-urrutia, . Mokler et al., High-precision laser-assisted absolute determination of x-ray diffraction angles, Review of Scientific Instruments, vol.83, p.13102, 2012.

M. Beiersdorfer, R. Chen, M. Marrs, R. Schneider, and . Walling, Dielectronic satellite spectrum of heliumlike vanadium, Physical Review A, p.396, 1991.

P. Beiersdorfer, V. Phillips, K. Jacobs, . Hill, . Bitter et al., High-resolution measurements, line identification, and spectral modeling of K-alpha transitions in Fe XVIII-Fe XXV, The Astrophysical Journal, vol.409, pp.846-859, 1993.

S. Schlesser, High-accuracy x-ray line standards in the 3-keV region, Physical Review A, vol.88, p.22503, 2013.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01245591

D. B. Thorn, M. F. Gu, G. V. Brown, P. Beiersdorfer, F. S. Porter et al., Precision measurement of the K-shell spectrum from highly charged xenon with an array of x-ray calorimeters, Physical review letters, vol.103, p.163001, 2009.

R. D. Deslattes, Single Axis, Two Crystal X-Ray Instrument, Review of Scientific instruments, vol.38, pp.815-820, 1967.

P. Amaro, A vacuum double-crystal spectrometer for reference-free X-ray spectroscopy of highly charged ions, Radiation Physics and Chemistry, vol.98, pp.132-149, 2014.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01245577

D. Camarillo-ravelo, V. Kaftandjian, and P. Duvauchelle, Accurate standardbased quantification of X-ray fluorescence data using metal-contaminated plant tissue, vol.39, pp.391-398, 2010.

S. C. Santos, M. E. Cruz, A. M. Barroso, C. P. Fonseca, M. Guerra et al., Elemental characterization of plants and soils in Panasqueira tungsten mining region, Journal of soils and sediments, vol.14, pp.778-784, 2014.

C. S. Schnohr and M. C. Ridgway, Introduction to X-Ray Absorption Spectroscopy, pp.1-26, 2015.

D. Guimarães, M. L. Carvalho, V. Geraldes, I. Rocha, L. C. Alves et al., Lead in liver and kidney of exposed rats: Aging accumulation study, Journal of Trace Elements in Medicine and Biology, vol.26, pp.285-290, 2012.

E. Bulbul, M. Markevitch, A. Foster, R. K. Smith, M. Loewenstein et al., Detection of an unidentified emission line in the stacked X-ray spectrum of galaxy clusters, The Astrophysical Journal, vol.789, p.13, 2014.

A. Boyarsky, O. Ruchayskiy, D. Iakubovskyi, and J. Franse, Unidentified line in X-ray spectra of the Andromeda galaxy and Perseus galaxy cluster, Physical Review Letters, vol.113, p.251301, 2014.

C. Shah, S. Dobrodey, S. Bernitt, R. Steinbrügge, J. R. López-urrutia et al., LABORATORY MEASUREMENTS COMPELLINGLY SUP-PORT A CHARGE-EXCHANGE MECHANISM FOR THE "DARK MAT-TER" 3.5 keV X-Ray LINE, The Astrophysical Journal, vol.833, p.52, 2016.

P. Amaro, Doctoral dissertation, 2012.

W. C. Röntgen, On a new kind of rays, Science, vol.1896, pp.227-231

C. G. Barkla, Ionisation by Röntgen Rays, Nature, vol.80, pp.187-187, 1909.

C. G. Sc, XXXIX. The spectra of the fluorescent Röntgen radiations, Philosophical Magazine, vol.22, pp.396-412, 1911.

W. Friedrich, M. Knipping, and . Laue, Interference phenomena with Rönt-gen rays, Sitzber. Math-phys. Kl. bayer. Akad. Wiss. Manche, vol.22, p.303, 1912.

W. L. Bragg, The specular reflection of X-rays, Nature, vol.90, p.410, 1912.

W. Bragg, Bakerian lecture: X-rays and crystal structure, Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series A Containing Papers of a Mathematical or Physical Character, vol.215, pp.253-274, 1915.

A. Compton, The reflection coefficient of monochromatic X-rays from rock salt and calcite, Phys. Rev, vol.10, p.95, 1917.

W. L. Bragg, R. W. James, and C. Bosanquet, XXIX. The intensity of reflexion of X-rays by rock-salt, The London Edinburgh and Dublin Philosophical Magazine and Journal of Science, vol.41, pp.309-337, 1921.

E. Wagner and H. Kulenkampff, Die Intensität der Reflexion von Röntgen-strahlen verschiedener Wellenlänge an Kalkspat und Steinsalz, Annalen der Physik, vol.373, pp.369-413, 1922.

B. Davis and W. Stempel, An experimental study of the reflection of X-rays from calcite, Physical Review, vol.17, p.608, 1921.

B. Davis and H. Purks, Measurement of the Mo. K doublet distances by means of the double X-ray spectrometer, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, vol.13, pp.419-422, 1927.

B. Davis and H. Purks, Additional lines in the K series of molybdenum and the natural breadth of spectral lines, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, vol.14, pp.172-178, 1928.

S. K. Allison, The Natural Widths of the K ? X-Ray Doublet from 26FE to 47AG, Physical Review, vol.44, p.63, 1933.

S. K. Allison and J. H. Williams, The Resolving Power of Calcite for X-Rays and the Natural Widths of the Molybdenum K ? Doublet, Physical Review, vol.35, p.1476, 1930.

J. H. Williams, A correction to wave-length measurements with the doublecrystal spectrometer, Physical Review, vol.40, p.636, 1932.

J. Bearden, Absolute wave-lengths of the copper and chromium K-series, Physical Review, vol.37, p.1210, 1931.

J. Bearden, Status of X-ray wavelengths in minutes of the new haven meeting, Phys. Rev, p.399, 1932.

J. Bearden, The grating constant of calcite crystals, Physical Review, vol.38, p.2089, 1931.

A. H. Compton, A PRECISION X-RAY SPECTROMETER AND THE WAVE LENGTH OF Mo K?1, Review of Scientific Instruments, vol.2, pp.365-376, 1931.

J. Williams and S. Allison, Design of a Double X-ray Spectrometer, JOSA, vol.18, pp.473-478, 1929.

M. Schwarzschild, Theory of the double X-ray spectrometer, Physical Review, vol.32, p.162, 1928.

R. James and . Bell, Bell and sons Ltd London, 1948.

U. Bonse and . Hart, An X-ray interferometer, Applied Physics Letters, vol.6, pp.155-156, 1965.

R. D. Deslattes and A. Henins, X-ray to visible wavelength ratios, Physical Review Letters, p.972, 1973.

L. Ferroglio, G. Mana, and E. Massa, Si lattice parameter measurement by centimeter x-ray interferometry, Optics express, vol.16, pp.16877-16888, 2008.

E. Massa, . Mana, and . Kuetgens, Comparison of the INRIM and PTB latticespacing standards, vol.46, p.249, 2009.

E. Massa, . Mana, L. Kuetgens, and . Ferroglio, Measurement of the lattice parameter of a silicon crystal, New Journal of Physics, vol.11, p.53013, 2009.

R. Schweppe, . Deslattes, C. Mooney, and . Powell, Accurate measurement of Mg and Al K?1, 2 X-ray energy profiles, vol.67, pp.463-478, 1994.

E. Kessler, R. Deslattes, W. Girard, . Schwitz, O. Jacobs et al., Mid-to-high-Z precision x-ray measurements, Physical Review A, 1982.

J. Consolino, C. Geller, and . Lerot, Int'l. Conf. on Ion Sources (Saclay), p.537, 1969.

H. Postma, Multiply charged heavy ions produced by energetic plasmas, Physics Letters A, vol.31, pp.196-197, 1970.

P. Apard, . Bliman, . Geller, C. Jacquot, and . Jacquot, Int'l. Conf. on Ion Sources (Wien), p.632, 1971.

G. Melin, Status of development of ECR ion sources at Grenoble (invited), Review of Scientific Instruments, vol.65, pp.1051-1056, 1994.

R. Geller, Electron cyclotron resonance sources: Historical review and future prospects (invited), Review of Scientific Instruments, vol.69, p.1302, 1998.

A. G. Drentje, Review of the Eleventh International Workshop on ECR ion sources (invited), Review of Scientific Instruments, vol.65, pp.1045-1050, 1994.

C. M. Lyneis and T. A. Antaya, ERC sources for the production of highly charged ions (invited), Review of Scientific Instruments, vol.61, pp.221-224, 1990.

R. Geller, ECRIS: The Electron Cyclotron Resonance Ion Sources, Annual Review of Nuclear and Particle Science, vol.40, pp.15-43, 1990.

J. L. Bieth, J. C. Bouly, . Curdy, P. Kantas, . Sortais et al., Electron cyclotron resonance ion source for high currents of mono-and multicharged ion and general purpose unlimited lifetime application on implantation devices, Review of Scientific Instruments, vol.71, pp.899-901, 2000.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/in2p3-00004033

A. Gumberidze, Electronic temperatures, densities, and plasma xray emission of a 14.5 GHz electron-cyclotron resonance ion source, Review of Scientific Instruments, p.33303, 2010.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00459174

A. Gumberidze, C. I. Attia, . Szabo, . Indelicato, . Vallette et al., Trapping of highly charged ions with an electrostatic ion trap, Journal of Physics: Conference Series, vol.163, p.12110, 2009.

M. Guerra, Doctoral dissertation, 2013.

C. I. Szabo, . Amaro, J. P. Guerra, . Santos, . Gumberidze et al., Ion temperature and x-ray line width measurements of highly charged argon ions in an ECR ion source, Physica Scripta, vol.156, p.14077, 2013.

C. I. Szabo, P. Indelicato, E. Lebigot, A. Vallette, P. Amaro et al., THE 17TH INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON ATOMIC PROCESSES IN PLASMAS (ICAPIP), pp.236-239

C. I. Szabo, P. Amaro, M. Guerra, S. Schlesser, A. Gumberidze et al., APPLICATION OF ACCELERATORS IN RESEARCH AND INDUSTRY: Twenty-Second International Conference, pp.68-72, 2013.

M. Trassinelli, Suppression of the thermal hysteresis in magnetocaloric MnAs thin film by highly charged ion bombardment, Applied Physics Letters, vol.104, p.81906, 2014.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00944462

M. Trassinelli, Magnetic properties of MnAs thin films irradiated with highly charged ions, Nuclear Inst. and Methods in Physics Research B, vol.317, pp.154-158, 2013.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00764943

M. Trassinelli, Low energy Ne ion beam induced-modifications of magnetic properties in MnAs thin films, Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter, vol.29, p.55001, 2016.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01390149

C. I. Machado, J. P. Szabo, . Santos, M. Amaro, . Guerra et al., High-precision measurements of n = 2 ? n = 1 transition energies and level widths in He-and Be-like Argon Ions, 2017.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01556577

H. F. Beyer, H. J. Kluge, and V. P. Shevelko, X-Ray Radiation of Highly Charged Ions, 1997.

J. Arianer and . Geller, The Advanced Positive Heavy Ion Sources, Annual Review of Nuclear and Particle Science, vol.31, pp.19-51, 1981.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/in2p3-00019229

C. Leitner, S. Lyneis, . Abbott, R. Collins, M. Dwinell et al., Next generation ECR ion sources: First results of the superconducting 28GHz ECRIS-VENUS, Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section B: Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms, vol.235, pp.486-493, 2005.

S. Gammino, . Ciavola, . Celona, . Hitz, G. Girard et al., Operation of the SERSE superconducting electron cyclotron resonance ion source at 28 GHz, Review of Scientific Instruments, vol.72, pp.4090-4097, 2001.

S. Biri, D. Simons, and . Hitz, Electron cyclotron resonance ion trap: A hybrid magnetic system with very high mirror ratio for highly charged ion production and trapping, Review of Scientific Instruments, vol.71, pp.1116-1118, 2000.

I. H. Hutchinson, Principles of plasma diagnostics, Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion, vol.44, p.2603, 2002.

M. Guerra, C. I. Amaro, . Szabo, . Gumberidze, J. P. Indelicato et al., Analysis of the charge state distribution in an ECRIS Ar plasma using high-resolution x-ray spectra, Journal of Physics B: Atomic Molecular and Optical Physics, vol.46, p.65701, 2013.

J. P. Santos, A. M. Costa, J. P. Marques, M. C. Martins, F. Indelicato et al., X-ray-spectroscopy analysis of electron-cyclotron-resonance ion-source plasmas, Physical Review A, p.62516, 2010.

A. M. Costa, M. C. Martins, J. P. Parente, . Santos, and . Indelicato, Dirac-Fock transition energies and radiative and radiationless transition probabilities for Ar9+ to Ar16+ ion levels with K-shell holes, vol.79, pp.223-239, 2001.

M. C. Martins, J. P. Marques, A. M. Costa, J. P. Santos, F. Parente et al., Production and decay of sulfur excited species in an electron-cyclotron-resonance ion-source plasma, Physical Review A, p.32501, 2009.

M. C. Martins, A. M. Costa, J. P. Santos, F. Indelicato, and . Parente, Interpretation of x-ray spectra emitted by Ar ions in an electron-cyclotron resonance ion source, Journal of Physics B: Atomic Molecular and Optical Physics, vol.34, pp.533-543, 2001.

S. Schlesser, Doctoral dissertation, 2009.

H. Fujimoto, X. Waseda, and . Zhang, Homogeneity characterization of lattice spacing of silicon single crystals by a self-referenced lattice comparator, vol.48, p.55, 2011.

B. Andreas, G. Azuma, P. Bartl, H. Becker, M. Bettin et al., Determination of the Avogadro Constant by Counting the Atoms in a Si 28 Crystal, Physical review letters, vol.106, p.30801, 2011.

K. Fujii, A. Waseda, N. Kuramoto, S. Mizushima, P. Becker et al., Present state of the Avogadro constant determination from silicon crystals with natural isotopic compositions, vol.54, pp.854-859, 2005.

E. G. Kessler, S. M. Owens, A. Henins, and R. D. Deslattes, Silicon lattice comparisons related to the Avogadro project: uniformity of new material and surface preparation effects, IEEE Transactions on Instrumentation and Measurement, vol.48, pp.221-224, 1999.

E. Massa, . Mana, E. Ferroglio, . Kessler, and . Schiel, The lattice parameter of the 28Si spheres in the determination of the Avogadro constant, vol.48, p.44, 2011.

R. Schödel, R. Matus, F. Yang, K. Pollinger, M. Meiners-hagen et al., Recent developments in traceable dimensional measurements, Measurement Science and Technology, vol.26, pp.80401-80401, 2015.

H. Mcskimin, Measurement of elastic constants at low temperatures by means of ultrasonic waves-data for silicon and germanium single crystals, and for fused silica, Journal of applied physics, vol.24, pp.988-997, 1953.

M. S. Del-rio and R. J. Dejus, SPIE proceedings, vol.3448, pp.340-345, 1998.

M. S. Del-río and R. J. Dejus, AIP Conference Proceedings, vol.705, pp.784-787, 2004.

M. S. Del-rio and R. J. , Dejus in Proc. SPIE, vol.5536, pp.171-174, 2004.

W. H. Zachariasen, Theory of X-ray Diffraction in Crystals, Courier Corporation, 2004.

E. Gullikson, M. Gramsch, and . Szawlowski, Large-area avalanche photodiodes for the detection of soft x rays, Applied optics, vol.34, pp.4662-4668, 1995.

J. Pansart, Avalanche photodiodes for particle detection, Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators Spectrometers Detectors and Associated Equipment, vol.387, pp.186-193, 1997.

L. M. Fernandes, J. A. Lopes, J. M. Santos, and C. A. Conde, Application of large-area avalanche photodiodes to energy-dispersive xray fluorescence analysis, vol.30, pp.164-169, 2001.

J. M. Paros and . Weinstein, How to design flexure hinges, Int. J. Machine Design, 1965.

J. Bearden and J. Thomsen, The double-crystal X-ray spectrometer: corrections, errors, and alignment procedure, Journal of Applied Crystallography, vol.4, pp.130-138, 1971.

O. Lugovskaya and S. Stepanov, Calculation of the polarizabilities of crystals for diffraction of x-ray on the continuous spectrum at wavelengths of 0.1-10 Å, Soviet physics. Crystallography, vol.36, pp.478-481, 1991.

J. J. , Moré in Numerical analysis, pp.105-116, 1978.

B. Gough, GNU scientific library reference manual, Network Theory Ltd, 2009.

W. H. Press, Numerical recipes 3rd edition: The art of scientific computing, 2007.

S. Wolfram, Mathematica Version 11.0, 2016.

V. A. Yerokhin, . Surzhykov, and . Fritzsche, Relativistic configuration-interaction calculation of K ? transition energies in beryllium-like argon, Physica Scripta, vol.90, p.54003, 2015.

S. Biri, . Valek, . Suta, C. Takacs, L. T. Szabó et al., Imaging of ECR plasmas with a pinhole x-ray camera, Review of Scientific Instruments, vol.75, pp.1420-1422, 2004.

D. Waasmaier and . Kirfel, New analytical scattering-factor functions for free atoms and ions, Acta Cryst, pp.1-16, 1995.

L. Kissel, RTAB: the Rayleigh scattering database, vol.59, pp.185-200, 2000.

B. L. Henke, E. M. Gullikson, and J. C. Davis, X-Ray Interactions: Photoabsorption, Scattering, Transmission, and Reflection at E = 50-30,000 eV, Z = 1-92, Atomic Data and Nuclear Data Tables, vol.54, pp.181-342, 1993.

C. T. Chantler, Detailed Tabulation of Atomic Form Factors, Photoelectric Absorption and Scattering Cross Section, and Mass Attenuation Coefficients in the Vicinity of Absorption Edges in the Soft X-Ray (Z=30-36, Z=60-89, E=0.1 keV-10 keV), Journal of Physical and Chemical Reference Data, vol.29, pp.597-1056, 2000.

C. T. Chantler, Theoretical Form Factor, Attenuation, and Scattering Tabulation for Z=1-92 from E=1-10 eV to E=0.4-1.0 MeV, Journal of Physical and Chemical Reference Data, vol.24, pp.71-643, 1995.

B. L. Henke, E. M. Gullikson, and J. C. Davis, X-ray interactions: photoabsorption, scattering, transmission, and reflection at E= 50-30,000 eV, Z= 1-92, Atomic data and nuclear data tables, vol.54, pp.181-342, 1993.

P. S-brennan and . Cowan, A suite of programs for calculating x-ray absorption, reflection, and diffraction performance for a variety of materials at arbitrary wavelengths, Review of scientific instruments, vol.63, pp.850-853, 1992.

J. P. Desclaux, A Multiconfiguration Relativistic Dirac-Fock Program, Comp. Phys. Commun, vol.9, pp.31-45, 1975.

J. P. Indelicato and . Desclaux, Multiconfiguration Dirac-Fock Calculations of Transition Energies with Qed Corrections in Three-Electron Ions, Physical Review A, vol.42, pp.5139-5149, 1990.

P. Indelicato, J. P. Gorceix, and . Desclaux, MCDF studies of two electron ions II: Radiative corrections and comparison with experiment, Journal of Physics B: Atomic Molecular and Optical Physics, vol.20, pp.651-663, 1987.

J. P. Indelicato and . Desclaux, Mcdfgme, a multiconfiguration dirac fock and general matrix elements program, 2005.

G. W. Drake, Unified relativistic theory for 1s2p 3P1-1s2 1S0 and 1s2p 3P1-1s2 1S0 frequencies and transition rates in heliumlike ions, Physical Review A, vol.19, pp.1387-1397, 1979.

W. R. Johnson and D. R. Plante, J Sapirstein in Advances in Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics, pp.255-329, 1995.

J. Machado, C. I. Szabo, J. P. Santos, P. Amaro, M. Guerra et al., High-precision measurements of n = 2 ? n = 1 transition energies and level widths in He-and Be-like Argon Ions, 2017.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01556577

W. M. Neupert, Satellite lines in the solar x-ray spectrum, Solar Physics, vol.18, pp.474-488, 1971.

D. Plante, W. Johnson, and . Sapirstein, Relativistic all-order many-body calculations of the n= 1 and n= 2 states of heliumlike ions, Physical Review A, p.3519, 1994.

K. T. Cheng, M. H. Chen, W. R. Johnson, and . Sapirstein, Relativistic configurationinteraction calculations for the ground state and n=2 singlet states of heliumlike ions, Physical Review A, vol.50, pp.247-255, 1994.

G. W. Drake, Theoretical energies for the n= 1 and 2 states of the helium isoelectronic sequence up to Z= 100, Canadian Journal of Physics, vol.66, pp.586-611, 1988.

U. I. Safronova, Relativistic and Radiative Effects in He-like Ions, Physica Scripta, vol.23, pp.241-248, 1981.

W. Johnson and . Sapirstein, Relativistic many-body perturbation theory applied to n= 2 triplet states of heliumlike ions, Physical Review A, vol.46, p.2197, 1992.

A. H. Gabriel, Dielectronic Satellite Spectra for Highly-Charged HeliumLike Ion Lines, Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, vol.160, pp.99-119, 1972.

L. Engstrom and . Litzen, High-precision wavelength measurements of the 1s 2 1 S-1snp 1 P resonance lines in He-like nitrogen and oxygen, Journal of Physics B: Atomic Molecular and Optical Physics, vol.28, pp.2565-2574, 1995.

E. Aglitsky, P. Antsiferov, S. Mandelstam, A. Panin, U. Safronova et al., Comparison of calculated and measured wavelengths of resonance transitions in He-like ions for Z= 16-39, Physica scripta, vol.38, p.136, 1988.

L. Schleinkofer, H. D. Bell, . Betz, and . Trolman, Precision Wavelength Determination of 2 1P1-1 1S0 and 2 3P1-1 1S0 transitions in heliumlike sulfur, Physica Scripta, vol.25, pp.917-923, 1982.

H. D. Dohmann, H. Liesen, and . Pfeng, High resolution spectroscopy of prompt and metastable decaying levels in highly ionized argon, especially of the metastable<sup>3</sup><i>P</i><sub>2</sub>-state of Ar<sup>16+</sup> and the<sup>4</sup><i>P</i><sub>5/2</sub>-state of Ar<sup>15+</sup&gt, Zeitschrift für Physik A Hadrons and Nuclei, vol.285, pp.171-176, 1978.

P. Beiersdorfer, . Bitter, K. W. Goeler, and . Will, Experimental study of the x-ray transitions in the heliumlike isoelectronic sequence, Physical Review A, vol.40, pp.150-157, 1989.

J. E. Rice, X-ray observations of Ca 19 + , Ca 18 + and satellites from Alcator C-Mod tokamak plasmas, Journal of Physics B: Atomic Molecular and Optical Physics, vol.47, p.75701, 2014.

J. E. Rice, M. A. Graf, J. L. Terry, E. S. Marmar, . Giesing et al., X-ray observations of helium-like scandium from the Alcator C-Mod tokamak, Journal of Physics B: Atomic Molecular and Optical Physics, vol.28, pp.893-905, 1995.

C. T. Chantler, L. T. Paterson, F. G. Hudson, J. D. Serpa, . Gillaspy et al., Absolute measurement of the resonance lines in heliumlike vanadium on an electron-beam ion trap, Physical Review A, vol.62, pp.42501-42502, 2000.

J. P. Briand, . Tavernier, J. P. Marrus, and . Desclaux, High-precision spectroscopic study of heliumlike iron, Physical Review A, vol.29, pp.3143-3149, 1984.

S. Maclaren, D. A. Beiersdorfer, . Vogel, R. E. Knapp, . Marrs et al., Precision measurement of Ka transitions in heliumlike Ge30+, Physical Review A, vol.45, pp.329-332, 1992.

P. Indelicato, J. P. Tavernier, . Briand, and . Liesen, Experimental study of relativistic correlations and QED effects in Heliumlike Krypton ions, Zeitschrift für Physik D 1986, pp.249-250

. K-widmann, . Beiersdorfer, M. Decaux, and . Bitter, Measurements of the K? transition energies of heliumlike krypton, Physical Review A, vol.53, pp.2200-2205, 1996.

J. P. Briand, . Indelicato, . Simionovici, . V-san-vicente, . Liesen et al., Spectroscopic study of hydrogenlike and heliumlike xenon ions, Europhysics Letters, vol.9, pp.225-230, 1989.

K. Widmann, P. Beiersdorfer, G. V. Brown, J. R. López-urrutia, A. L. Osterheld et al., AIP Conference Proceedings, vol.506, pp.444-466, 2000.

D. B. Thorn, G. V. Brown, J. H. Clementson, . Chen, . Chen et al., Highresolution spectroscopy of K-shell praseodymium with a high-energy microcalorimeter, Canadian Journal of Physics, vol.86, pp.241-244, 2008.

J. P. Briand, P. Chevallier, . Indelicato, . Dietrich, and . Ziock, Observation and Measurement of n=2?n=1 Transitions of Hydrogenlike and Heliumlike Uranium, Physical Review Letters, vol.65, pp.2761-2764, 1990.

J. H. Lupton, D. D. Dietrich, C. J. Hailey, R. E. Stewart, and K. P. Ziock, Measurements of the ground-state Lamb shift and electron-correlation effects in hydrogenlike and heliumlike uranium, Physical Review A, p.2150, 1994.

T. F. Group, . Bombarda, P. Bely-dubau, M. Faucher, . Cornille et al., Dielectronic satellite spectrum of heliumlike argon: A contribution to the physics of highly charged ions and plasma impurity transport, Physical Review A, vol.32, pp.2374-2383, 1985.

M. Bitter, Satellite spectra for heliumlike titanium, Physical Review A, vol.II, pp.3011-3029, 1985.

H. Hsuan, Satellite spectra of heliumlike nickel, Physical Review A, vol.35, pp.4280-4285, 1987.

J. E. Rice, M. L. Reinke, J. M. Ashbourn, M. Gao, . Bitter et al., X-ray observations of medium Z H-and He-like ions with satellites from CMod tokamak plasmas, Journal of Physics B: Atomic Molecular and Optical Physics, vol.48, p.144013, 2015.

T. F. Group, . Cornille, M. Dubau, and . Loulergue, Charge-dependent wavelength shifts and line intensities in the dielectronic satellite spectrum of heliumlike ions, Physical Review A, vol.32, pp.3000-3004, 1985.

U. Safronova and T. Lisina, Atomic constants of autoionization states of ions with Z= 6, 8, 10-42 in the Be isoelectronic sequence, vol.24, pp.49-93, 1979.

M. H. Chen, Relativistic Auger and x-ray emission of the 1s 2l (2l')m configurations of Be-like ions, Physical Review A, vol.31, pp.1449-1457, 1985.

L. Natarajan, Relativistic configuration interaction calculations on the K? x-ray satellites of argon, Journal of Physics B: Atomic Molecular and Optical Physics, vol.36, p.105, 2003.

U. I. Safronova and A. S. Shlyaptseva, Inner-shell excitation energy and autoionization rates for Li-, Be-, B-like ions with Z = 6-54, Physica Scripta, vol.54, pp.254-270, 1996.

M. H. Chen and . Crasemann, Dielectronic satellite spectra of Li-like ions, vol.37, pp.419-439, 1987.

V. A. Boiko, A. Y. Chugunov, T. G. Ivanova, A. Y. Faenov, I. V. Holin et al., He-like ion resonance-line satellites radiated from Be-like ions, Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, vol.185, pp.305-324, 1978.

P. Beiersdorfer, V. L. Phillips, K. W. Jacobs, . Hill, . Bitter et al., High-resolution measurements, line identification, and spectral modeling of K-alpha transitions in Fe XVIII-Fe XXV, The Astrophysical Journal, vol.409, p.846, 1993.

. V-decaux, S. M. Beiersdorfer, V. L. Kahn, and . Jacobs, High-Resolution Measurement of the K? Spectrum of Fe XXV-XVIII: New Spectral Diagnostics of Nonequilibrium Astrophysical Plasmas, vol.482, pp.1076-1084, 1997.

R. Steinbrügge, Absolute measurement of radiative and Auger rates of K-shell-vacancy states in highly charged Fe ions, Physical Review A, p.32502, 2015.

U. I. Safronova and T. G. Lisina, Atomic constants of autoionization states of ions with Z = 6, 8, 10-42 in the Be isoelectronic sequence, At. Data Nucl. Data Tables, vol.24, pp.49-93, 1979.

V. A. Yerokhin, . Surzhykov, and . Fritzsche, Relativistic configuration-interaction calculation of K? transition energies in berylliumlike iron

M. H. Chen, Relativistic Auger and x-ray emission of the 1s 2l (2l')m configurations of Be-like ions, Physical Review A, vol.31, pp.1449-1457, 1985.

S. Shuqiang, . Feng, and . Gang, Properties of the K? and K? x-ray transitions in CuXX through CuXXVIII, Journal of Physics B: Atomic Molecular and Optical Physics, vol.39, pp.2087-2093, 2006.

J. Machado, C. I. Szabo, J. P. Santos, P. Amaro, M. Guerra et al., High-precision measurements transition energies and level widths of the 1s 2s 2p 2 P J , J = 1/2, 3/2 doublet in Li-like Argon Ions, Preparation, 2018.

J. Nilsen, Dielectronic Satellite Spectra for Helium-Like Ions, vol.38, pp.339-379, 1988.

L. A. Vainshtein and U. I. Safronova, Wavelengths and Transition Probabilities of Satellites to Resonance Lines of H-and He-Like Ions," At. Data Nucl. Data Tab, vol.21, pp.49-68, 1978.

M. R. Tarbutt, N. J. Barnsley, J. D. Peacock, and . Silver, Wavelength Measurements of the Satellite Transitions to the N = 2 Resonance Lines of Helium-Like Argon, Journal of Physics B: Atomic Molecular and Optical Physics, vol.34, pp.3979-3991, 2001.

V. A. Yerokhin and . Surzhykov, Relativistic Configuration-Interaction Calculation of Energy Levels of Core-Excited States in Lithiumlike Ions: Argon through Krypton, Physical Review A, vol.86, p.42507, 2012.

U. I. Safronova and M. S. Safronova, Relativistic many-body calculations of E1, E2, M1, and M2 transitions rates for the 1 s 2 l 2 l -1 s 2 2 l lines in Li-like ions, Molecular Physics, vol.102, pp.1331-1344, 2004.

A. D. Whiteford, N. R. Badnell, C. P. Ballance, S. D. Loch, M. G. O&apos;mullane et al., Excitation of Ar 15+ and Fe 23+ for Diagnostic Application to Fusion and Astrophysical Plasmas, Journal of Physics B: Atomic Molecular and Optical Physics, vol.35, pp.3729-3740, 2002.

R. Piessens, E. De-doncker-kapenga, C. W. Überhuber, and D. K. Kahaner, Quadpack: a subroutine package for automatic integration, vol.1, 2012.

E. V. Aglitskii, V. A. Boiko, S. M. Zakharov, S. A. Pikuz, and A. Y. Faenov, Observation in laser plasmas and identification of dielectron satellites of spectral lines of hydrogen-and helium-like ions of elements in the Na-V range, Soviet Journal of Quantum Electronics, vol.4, pp.500-513, 1974.

H. Suleiman, R. Berry, R. Dunford, P. Deslattes, and . Indelicato, Observations of doubly excited states in lithiumlike calcium, Physical Review A, p.156, 1994.

A. Martynenko, Lamb shift in the muonic helium ion, Physical Review A, p.12505, 2007.

I. Sick, Precise root-mean-square radius of He 4, Physical Review C, p.41302, 2008.

E. Borie, Zeitschrift für Physik A Hadrons and Nuclei, vol.297, pp.17-18, 1980.

I. Mueller, A. Sulai, J. Villari, . Alcantara-nunez, . Alves-condé et al., Nuclear Charge Radius of He 8, Physical review letters, p.252501, 2007.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/in2p3-00202461