Formation et premiers développements de la commanderie de Dunhuang sous les Han occidentaux (IIème et Ier siècle av. J.-C.)

Abstract : This dissertation centers on the history, archeology and historical geography of Early China. It examines the steps of establishment of the imperial commanderies founded in the vicinity of the Western Han dynasty boundaries (206 BCE – 9 AD). At the turn of the second and the first centuries BCE, the imperial strategical efforts made to stabilize of newly conquered territories passed through a complex system. Starting from the military occupation il lead to the migration of populations from the center of the empire. Focusing on Dunhuang (Gansu Province) – the westernmost commandery established with the Empire borders – we follow at regional scale those strategies of conquest and occupation. In addition of various fieldwork performed by the author, this research is based on a different approach of the Dynastic Histories, the use of archaeological data and the exploitation of untrodden epigraphic material. By using a new methodology, we have managed to individualize its development within a territory located at the crossroads of commercial and diplomatic highways with the Central-Asian kingdoms and cultures. As a result of its cartography and chronology being put up to date, we have obtained a complete revision of the first steps of organization of the main military and civilian centers of Dunhuang.
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Arnaud Bertrand. Formation et premiers développements de la commanderie de Dunhuang sous les Han occidentaux (IIème et Ier siècle av. J.-C.). Histoire. PSL Research University, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017PSLEP069⟩. ⟨tel-02107078⟩

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