Étude de la faisabilité d'un procédé d’adsorption gaz-solide pour le traitement des NOx et CO en présence d'eau : application aux émissions de moteurs diesel en espaces confinés

Abstract : Since 2012, diesel exhaust gases are considered to be carcinogenic, which is a risk to workers who are exposed to these fumes on a daily basis. This study focuses on nitrogen oxides (NOx) and carbon monoxide (CO) present in the diesel exhaust. Currently, catalytic solutions can reduce the outlet concentration of these compounds, but they are not viable for non road vehicles operating intermittently and to solve the problem of “cold start”. The thesis was then focuses on adsorption on zeolites. As a first step, seven zeolites were selected and the study of the adsorption of pure components in dynamics showed that they were ineffective in the uptake of NO and CO but they had good adsorption capacities for NO2. The further study on three of them, Na Y, NH4 Y and H Y, showed that in the presence of O2 and/or water vapor in the gaseous stream, chemical reactions occur, leading in particular to the formation of NO2 and/or NO which must then also be adsorbed. The role of adsorption temperature has also been studied on zeolite Na Y. Its influence is important on the adsorption capacity and on the kinetics of the chemical reactions. The maximum retention capacities of NOx on zeolite Na Y are obtained in presence of O2 in the gaseous mixture and in absence of water. In order to improve the uptake of NO and CO, it is possible to estimate the adsorption capacities of other zeolites by using molecular modeling by Density Functional Theory (DFT) to calculate the isosteric heats of adsorption
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Florine Delachaux. Étude de la faisabilité d'un procédé d’adsorption gaz-solide pour le traitement des NOx et CO en présence d'eau : application aux émissions de moteurs diesel en espaces confinés. Génie des procédés. Université de Lorraine, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018LORR0273⟩. ⟨tel-02104487⟩

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