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Etudes des matériaux, composants et systèmes dans le domaine térahertz par analogie aux méthodes optiques

Abstract : The aim of my thesis is to extend the electromagnetic models already existing at the Institut Fresnel for the optical frequencies towards the terahertz (THz) range, to have a better knowledge of the physical phenomena involved in THz light-matter interactions. This understanding would allow to improve the analysis of the THz images acquired and to have a better definition of the optical systems configurations that we use. To achieve this work, we compare the results coming from the model with those from the experiments led by THz imaging by Terahertz Waves Technologies. In the future, the modelling could become a predictive tool for the characterization of materials in the THz domain.THz waves are located between far infrared and microwaves in the electromagnetic spectrum going from 0.01 mm to 3 mm (or 100 GHz to 30 THz). These waves benefit from advantages of the optical waves and from microwaves depending on used frequencies. THz imaging presents a high potential one for the characterization on the material, because these waves can penetrate a lot of materials which are opaque in the visible and the infrared lights. Detection of defects, delaminations, the presence of humidity, etc…, are examples of the problems which can be investigated with THz light.At first, I was able to model the optical response of planar, homogenous, isotropic and polymeric samples with good agreements between the calculation and the measurement. These results allowed to realize first modellings of images which are consistent with THz imaging. Therefore, the study is enlarged to anisotropic materials which exist in the current industrial environment as well as the objects of full cylindrical shape. The developed models consider the complex refractive index of a sample and its thickness, that is why a chapter is devoted to the method of estimation of these parameters from measurements coming from THz Time-Domain Spectrocopy signals which was implemented.
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Submitted on : Thursday, April 18, 2019 - 4:51:34 PM
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Cyndie Poulin. Etudes des matériaux, composants et systèmes dans le domaine térahertz par analogie aux méthodes optiques. Optique [physics.optics]. Ecole Centrale Marseille, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018ECDM0010⟩. ⟨tel-02103776⟩



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