Verres, vitrocéramique et céramique à base de TeO2 pour l'optique

Abstract : Owing to thier high optical quality, single-crystals are widely used in photonics, for high power laser, frequency conversion… However, single-crystals are constrained by their manufacturing process which is slow and expensive and because it difficult to obtain large parts. Tellurite glasses are ideal candidate due to their high nonlinear response, the easy glass shaping and their low manufacturing cost. Nonetheless, for some kind of applications requiring second order nonlinear effects, glasses can’t be used because of their optical isotropy. During this thesis, we undertook the elaboration of tellurite glass-ceramics composites consisting of noncentrosymmetric crystals able to generate second harmonic signal. Composites are elaborated by SPS co-sintering of a glass powder and crystals. We are also interested in the elaboration of transparent tellurite ceramics in order to make millimetric laser cavities. Indeed, tellurite-based materials are interesting candidates owing to their high nonlinear refractive index and their low phonon energy, which favors radiative transitions. Transparent ceramics have been fabricated by an innovative way, the full and congruent crystallization of glass which combines the easy glass shaping and the properties of the final ceramic. We have also developed the elaboration of a new transparent tellurate ceramic (TeVI) by SPS sintering of a crushed ceramic powder. Tellurate compounds have the advantage of showing low phonon energy and interesting microwave dielectric properties.
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Morgane Dolhen. Verres, vitrocéramique et céramique à base de TeO2 pour l'optique. Matériaux. Université de Limoges, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018LIMO0112⟩. ⟨tel-02103523⟩

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