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Masculinités et féminités dans le cinéma de Quentin Tarantino : analyses filmiques et études de réception

Abstract : If there is indeed an area “through which societies communicate” (N. Burgh, G.Sellier, 2009 : 22), this is definitely the one of cinema. This media is a social activity that is culturally specific and strongly “constructivist” (M. Coulomb-Gully, 2011 : 10) particularly when one talks about Gender Construction. Quentin Tarantino’s filmography which covers more than twenty years of international cinema seemed to be relevant to ask ourselves the question of gender with acuteness. So as a first step of our research work, we attempted to analyze the first seven full-length feature films of this American director in order to bring an answer to our first line of research of the general problematics: which representations of femininities and masculinities and which split between femininities and masculinities do Quentin Tarantino’s movies state for us?Still, if we consider that going to the movies is an act during which “a consciousness takes another consciousness over according to very personal means” (A.Brochu, 2004 : 16), we decided to confront our own interpretation of Tarantino’s movies with other male or female moviegoers for the purpose of answering the second part of our problematics : what do male and female moviegoers see of the femininities and masculinities present in these films? To that end, we carried out comprehensive one-to-one interviews of eight male and female moviegoers. Then, we collected and analyzed their speeches which helped us to produce their portraits. These latter enabled us to experience how much “the moviegoers are ultimately the ones who give sense to a movie” (G.Sellier; 2009 : 10).The cross-cutting analysis of these speeches allowed us to question bodies, sex and sexualities, dominations, gender through the reception process but also the gender-related context of this survey.
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Marie-Pierre Huillet. Masculinités et féminités dans le cinéma de Quentin Tarantino : analyses filmiques et études de réception. Sciences de l'information et de la communication. Université Toulouse le Mirail - Toulouse II, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017TOU20066⟩. ⟨tel-02103264⟩

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