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Orientation des élèves en ULIS école et processus de médicalisation des difficultés d'apprentissage : de l'échec scolaire au handicap

Abstract : The 11th of February 2005 law « for disabled persons rights and opportunities equality, participation and civic rights » brought about a deep educational system change and provoked a new sharing between the medico-social system and the Éducation Nationale with the positioning of a partnership. A main changing paradigm has occured with the inclusion concept emergence. Schooling today inclusive is trying to answer pupils’ special educational needs by adjusting school standards. Group inclusion systems are privileged levers to help disabled pupils at school following the Maison Départementale des Personnes Handicapées notifications.This thesis main goal, more than ten years after the law for the disabled persons, consists in examining the process at work when pupils are guided towards a primary school ULIS (Unité Localisée d’Inclusion Scolaire). A certain number of pupils have received educational counselling towards primary school ULIS without any proven disability. They have, mostly, originated from environments with social and family problems. These notifications labelling children as disabled have been done on a medico-psychological basis, the children’s schooling difficulties labelled as mild disability. Those have occured because of a widening of the disability category, wider and vaguer educational counselling criterions and today’s increasing medico-psychological solutions to school underperforming. ULIS systems would seem to carry on ensuring a social regulating function, the recourse to special needs education being socially differentiated. Today’s context of medicalizing school underperformance is leading to guide towards primary school ULIS pupils, putting the common system in a difficult position, and, for whom there seems to be no other solution than labelling them as disabled.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, April 17, 2019 - 5:35:07 PM
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Valérie Laloum. Orientation des élèves en ULIS école et processus de médicalisation des difficultés d'apprentissage : de l'échec scolaire au handicap. Education. Université Toulouse le Mirail - Toulouse II, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017TOU20062⟩. ⟨tel-02102890⟩

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