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Parallelism and modular proof in differential dynamic logic

Simon Lunel 1, 2
2 TEA - Tim, Events and Architectures
Inria Rennes – Bretagne Atlantique , IRISA-D4 - LANGAGE ET GÉNIE LOGICIEL
Abstract : Cyber-physical systems mix continuous physical behaviors, e.g. the velocity of a vehicle, and discrete behaviors, e.g. the cruise-controller of the vehicle. They are pervasive in our society. Numerous of such systems are safety-critical, i.e. a design error which leads to an unexpected behavior can harm humans. It is mandatory to develop methods to ensure the correct functioning of such systems. Formal methods is a set of mathematical methods that are used to guarantee that a system behaves as expected, e.g. that the cruise-controller does not allow the vehicle to exceed the speed limit. Recent works have allowed significant progress in the domain of the verification of cyber-physical systems, but the approach is still monolithic. The system under consideration is modeled in one block. Our problematic is how to efficiently model cyber-physical systems where the complexity lies in a repetition of elementary blocks. And once this modeling done, how guaranteeing the correct functioning of such systems. Our approach is to model the system in a compositional manner. Rather than modeling it in one block, we model it pieces by pieces, called components. Each component correspond to a subsystem of the final system and are easier to model due to their reasonable size. We obtain the complete system by assembling the different components. A water-plant will thus be obtained by the composition of several water-tanks. The main advantage of this method is that it corresponds to the work-flow in the industry : consider each elements separately and compose them later. But this approach does not solve the problem of the proof of correct functioning of the system. We have to make the proof compositional too. To achieve it, we associate to each component properties on its inputs and outputs, then prove that they are satisfied. This step can be done by a domain expert, but also by a computer program if the component is of a reasonable size. We have then to ensure that the properties are preserved through the composition. Thus, the proof effort is reported to elementary components. It is possible to obtain a proof of the correct functioning of industrial systems with a reduced proof effort. Our main contribution is the development of such approach in Differential Dynamic Logic. We are able to modularly model cyber-physical systems, but also prove their correct functioning. Then, at each stage of the design, we can verify that the desired properties are still guaranteed. The resulting system is correct-by-construction. From this result, we have developed several tools to help for the modular reasoning on cyber-physical systems. We have proposed a methodology to reason on temporal properties, e.g. if the execution period of a controller is small enough to effectively regulate the continuous behavior. We have also showed how we can reason on functioning modes in our framework.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, April 17, 2019 - 3:44:07 PM
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Simon Lunel. Parallelism and modular proof in differential dynamic logic. Artificial Intelligence [cs.AI]. Université Rennes 1, 2019. English. ⟨NNT : 2019REN1S005⟩. ⟨tel-02102687⟩

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