Étude des contrastes solaires dans le domaine ultraviolet : Contraintes sur les modèles d’irradiance et applications stellaires

Abstract : Understanding solar irradiance variations,in particular in the ultraviolet wavelength range, is essential for climate modelling. Solar irradiance models are precious for reconstructing the spectral solar irradiance (SSI) in the absence of observations or when they lack stability. However, they come with their assumptions. Here we aim here to constrain these in the UV by characterising the contrast of solar magnetic features in the UV.From solar images taken by the Solar Dynamic Observatory (SDO) between 2010 and 2016, we quantify UV contrasts the first time. The study of the contrast of the solar structures and their segmentation shows that photometric thresholds are necessary to properly segment solar structures, mainly in the UV, because of the coexistence of both dark and bright structures for the same value of the magnetic field. Some pixels that are classified as quiet-Sun by the SATIRE-S model actually belong to faculae, but they are too few to have a significant impact on SSI reconstructions. Our results highlight the importance of multi-wavelength observations for better constraining the identification of structures. Distinguishing network and faculae is essential for such reconstructions over a long period, and using a network with magnetically variable contrast improves SSI reconstruction, Finally, we find no evidence of contrast variations during the solar cycle.We also present results on the correlations between Hα and Ca II emissions of Sun-like stars. We show that the hypothesis of Meunier et al., 2009 to explain the anti-correlations of certain stars corresponds to our observations.
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Romaric Gravet. Étude des contrastes solaires dans le domaine ultraviolet : Contraintes sur les modèles d’irradiance et applications stellaires. Autre. Université d'Orléans, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018ORLE2030⟩. ⟨tel-02102614⟩

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