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Pulsed Laser Deposition of Substituted thin Garnet Films for Magnonic Applications

Abstract : This PhD work focuses on the Pulsed Laser Deposition (PLD) growth of Bismuth doped Iron Garnet nanometer thick films. Those films are charcterised and used for magnon-spintronics applications. This PhD has two main focuses : material science and magnon-spintronics applications.The aim of this PhD is to fill up the need in the magnon-spintronics community of an ultrathin magnetic material combining low magnetic losses and tunable magnetic anisotropy. Indeed the recent breakthrough in the domain was the ability of generating magnetic auto-oscillations from a charge current in a magnetic insulator. This result has been obtained by using an 20 nm thick film of Yttrium Iron Garnet (YIG) with low magnetic losses (α=2⋅〖10〗^(-4) ). Those ultrafin films of YIG can also be used for spin waves propagation over micrometeter distances. However the easy magnetic axis in those films is set to in plane due to the shape anisotropy and it is not a tunable parameter. To go further in terms of magnon-spintronics applications a perpendicularly easy magnetized low losses ultra-thin magnetic material would be desirable. Liquid Phase Epitaxy growth of micrometer thick doped YIG during the 70’s evidenced that the magnetic anisotropy could be modified by doping or substitution. Especially the substitution of Yttrium atoms by Bismuth ones on the dodecaedric atomic sites allows to stabilise out of plane magnetic anisotropy. Morevover the BiYIG is also known to posses high magneto optical activity.This PhD presents the growth by Pulsed Laser Deposition of ultrathin BiYIG films (7 to 50 nm thick). In those films the uniaxial magnetic anisotropy has two main origins : the magneto elastic and the growth induced anisotropy. Using the strain in those films it is possible to obtain both out of plane and in plane magnetic anisotropy. The dynamical characterisation shows that magnetic losses in the perpendicular easy magnetized films are comparable to the one of YIG ultrathin films. The high magneto optical activity in those films makes the BiYIG ultrathin films suitable for ligth based detection technics involving ligth/magnetism interaction. By sputtering a Pt sublayer on the top of BiYIG ultra thin films we could observ different spintronic phenomena evidencing the transfer of spin current from the metal to the insulator. Low losses and nanometer thickness in perpendicularly easy magnetized BiYIG films allow to observ current induced magnetic auto oscillation in the same fashion as what was previously done with ultrathin YIG. The perpendicular magnetic anisotropy allows however to couple those auto oscillation to spin waves, which was not possible for in plane magnetized YIG fims. This new phenomena is related to the unique properties of the ultrathin BiYIG.BiYIG ultrathin films are thus opening new perspectives in the magnon spintronic commnutiy due to their low thickness and tunable magnetic anisotropy.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, April 17, 2019 - 2:35:06 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, October 14, 2020 - 4:21:56 AM

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  • HAL Id : tel-02102550, version 1

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Lucile Soumah. Pulsed Laser Deposition of Substituted thin Garnet Films for Magnonic Applications. Materials Science [cond-mat.mtrl-sci]. Université Paris Saclay (COmUE), 2019. English. ⟨NNT : 2019SACLS042⟩. ⟨tel-02102550⟩

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