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Theses

Recherche de biomarqueurs pronostiques dans le cancer de la vessie dans la population Tunisienne

Abstract : Bladder cancer is the first most common urogenital cancer in men in Tunisia, with a high recurrence rate. Patients with muscle-invasive disease develop metastasis. The need for expensive continuous surveillance. In this thesis we try to search some candidate biomarkers. Their use for cancer staging and personalization of therapy at the time of diagnosis in order to identify a better treatment could improve patient care. The aim of this first part of our study was to investigate the clinical significance of three immune cell-related transcription factors, T-bet, GATA-3 and Bcl-6 in Tunisian patients with bladder cancer. We found that T-bet level was significantly higher in invasive carcinoma with high- grade. However, T-bet is predictive of response to BCG. On the contrary, the expression of GATA-3 and Bcl-6 was significantly higher in non-invasive carcinoma with low grade. We furthermore studied the effect of activation of soluble FasL and TRAIL molecule in bladder cancer. We demonstrate that the mean serum level of sFasL was higher in patients than in normal donors. sFasL was only higher than in sera of healthy donors where patients had superficial stage and low- and medium-grade cancer. sTRAIL was significantly lower in sera from patients with invasive and high-grade bladder carcinoma than in controls. Finally, we demonstrate that p-Akt levels in patients with invasive carcinoma and high-grade bladder cancer were significantly elevated compared to patients with non-invasive and low grade bladder cancer. Altogether, our results suggest that Akt activation can provide useful prognostic information.
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https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-02101638
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Submitted on : Wednesday, April 17, 2019 - 12:17:09 AM
Last modification on : Tuesday, September 22, 2020 - 5:07:58 AM

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  • HAL Id : tel-02101638, version 1

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Islem Ben Bahria-Sediki. Recherche de biomarqueurs pronostiques dans le cancer de la vessie dans la population Tunisienne. Cancer. École pratique des hautes études - EPHE PARIS; Université de Tunis El Manar, 2016. Français. ⟨NNT : 2016EPHE3032⟩. ⟨tel-02101638⟩

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