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Sens et fonctions de la notion de «Koto» dans le Japon archaïque : actes de parole, parole des actes

Abstract : By means of a textual analysis of the two oldest Records of Japan, the Kojiki and the Nihon shoki, we have tried to reconstruct the semantic field of the koto’s notion in archaic Japanese. After having discarded the modern koto-dama-type interpretations of this word koto, we have proceeded to a long and detailed analysis of the compounds koto-X such as koto-age, koto-muke, koto-yosashi, mi-koto-mochi, and others. This analysis have led us to think the koto’s notion as a big core full of different meanings like « fact », « word », « essence », « injunction », and « sincerity », which are all kept close to one another by the cohesive force of the idea of « truth. » This idea seems to be the instance controlling the adequacy between all these dimensions, especially between the words and the facts described in those same words. We have heuristically created some concepts like the « concept K » (the koto understood as a big whole full of different dimensions, not just as a two-fold notion composed of « fact » and « word ») and the « koto-wari » (an active principle of negative entropy which seems to be present all over these old Records), in order to better illustrate the big functionality of the koto’s notion in archaic Japanese. Such a rich variety of meanings for a single word suggests that its study would help to understand some aspects of the epistemological field of archaic Japan, a context so distant from ours.
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Ignacio Quirós. Sens et fonctions de la notion de «Koto» dans le Japon archaïque : actes de parole, parole des actes. Linguistique. École pratique des hautes études - EPHE PARIS, 2016. Français. ⟨NNT : 2016EPHE5012⟩. ⟨tel-02101628⟩

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