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Impacts de l'anthropisation sur la diversité odonatologique au sein des cours d'eau : vers une meilleure prise en compte des espèces de la directive habitats faune flore

Abstract : In a context of global biodiversity crisis, reconciling the development of wealth-generating industry and agriculture with nature conservation is a crucial issue. Economic stakeholders are legally obliged to apply the mitigation hierarchy doctrine and thus "avoid, mitigate, and compensate" for their project's impacts. However, for invertebrate protected species, and particularly dragonfly species, basic knowledge on their ecology and population dynamics is lacking. It is thus difficult to accurately anticipate the impacts and propose efficient avoidance and compensation measures. This is particularly true on rivers, which are ecosystems under high pressure owing to their utility for human beings (e.g. water and food resources, transport, energy production, leisure). The aim of this work is to improve knowledge of three protected riverine species of dragonflies: the Orange-spotted emerald Oxygastra curtisii (Dale, 1834), the Pronged clubtail Gomphus graslinii Rambur, 1842, and the Splendid cruiser Macromia splendens (Pictet, 1843), and to provide better assessment methods to evaluate the impacts of the anthropisation of streams on their populations. We sought in particular (1) to improve environmental impact assessments and management of these species within Natura 2000 sites by proposing a standardised survey protocol, (2) to assess the consequences of habitat change, especially water temperature warming, on their phenology and morphology, and (3) to describe and evaluate the impacts of weirs and hydroelectric dams on their populations. This work took place in the Midi-Pyrénées region in southern France, where populations of these three species are still present. It was carried out in close partnership with the Conservatoire d'Espaces Naturels de Midi-Pyrénées, which coordinates the Regional Action Plan for Odonata, and the Functional Ecology Laboratory EcoLab to ensure direct transfer of the scientific knowledge acquired to the ecosystems managers, economic stakeholders and public authorities responsible for biodiversity conservation.
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Alice S Denis. Impacts de l'anthropisation sur la diversité odonatologique au sein des cours d'eau : vers une meilleure prise en compte des espèces de la directive habitats faune flore. Ecologie, Environnement. Université Paul Sabatier - Toulouse III, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018TOU30104⟩. ⟨tel-02099769⟩

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