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Bonus des dirigeants, licenciement des employés et populations sans abri : approche empirique de trois problèmes du Portugal contemporain

Abstract : This research aims to study three societal problems in Portugal. The executive bonus, restructuration and homelessness. The first study aimed to explore and map the views of Portuguese laypersons regarding the legitimacy of bonuses for senior executives. Two hundred eight participants, with various levels of training in economics, were presented with a number of concrete scenarios. The scenarios were created by varying four factors. Five qualitatively different personal positions were found. The second study aimed to explore and map the views of Portuguese laypersons regarding the acceptability of downsizing and restructuration measures during a recession. Two hundred seven participants, with various levels of training in economics, were presented with a number of concrete scenarios. The scenarios were created by varying three factors. Six qualitatively different personal positions were found. The third study aims to explore the psychological motifs for which the homeless people do not easily reintegrate the work. The sample was composed of 202 Portuguese’s men homeless. They were presented with one questionnaire that contained items about possible motifs about their non-integration into the labour market. The exploratory factor analysis revealed four factors. According to the results of the study only two types of motifs were important: the motifs of refusal the society and the motifs of refusal the submission to labor’s authorities.
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Joana Sequeira Neto. Bonus des dirigeants, licenciement des employés et populations sans abri : approche empirique de trois problèmes du Portugal contemporain. Psychologie. École pratique des hautes études - EPHE PARIS, 2015. Français. ⟨NNT : 2015EPHE3063⟩. ⟨tel-02099674⟩

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