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Les Zaouïas Darqâwiyyas au Maroc : Zaouïa d’al-Basîr comme exemple

Abstract : This thesis is entitled "The Zaouïas Darqâwiyyas in Morocco; Zawiya al-Basir as an example." It has an active Moroccan Tariqa based on an original method Darqawiyya spiritual education. This Zaouïa plays an important role in Moroccan society on several levels: Knowledge and religious culture, social and political, reflecting the practice of early Sufis. Through the chapters of this thesis, I will give an overview on the history of Moroccan Sufism and the various stages it has crossed and the reasons of permanence or disappearance of some Sufi currents. Tariqa Darqawiyya as well as its origin the Shadhiliyya will be addressed in a second time. I will present the genesis of Darqawiyya tariqa and its founder Shaykh al-Arabi Mulay al-Darqawi. Tariqa Darqawiyya gave birth to various Sufi paths. The terms of its expansion in the East and in Europe, and the principles used in spiritual education will be addressed too. Finally, I will discuss in detail about "Zaouia Basîriyya", its origin, its founder, Shaykh Ibrahim al-Basir and characteristics of this Tariqa.
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Abdelmoghite Bassir. Les Zaouïas Darqâwiyyas au Maroc : Zaouïa d’al-Basîr comme exemple. Religions. École pratique des hautes études - EPHE PARIS, 2015. Français. ⟨NNT : 2015EPHE5055⟩. ⟨tel-02099658⟩

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