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La construction de discours d’appartenance identitaire dans la littérature judéenne et chrétienne aux Ier et IIe siècles

Abstract : As part of a major trend of historical research and of current epistemological discussion on the study of the identity building process phenomena in Antiquity, our research focuses specifically on the building process of identity belonging discourses in the Judean and Christian literature of the First and Second centuries. Restricting the Judean and Christian identities of this period to a unique and unilateral definition would be erroneous, since such a definition would be more utopian than realistic because of the plurality of communities that take part in ancient Judaism and ancient Christianity, and because of the plurality of authors that tried to define and elaborate theses identities in their discourses. Establishing a list of criteria to define these identities and, in turn, to distinguish those who may or may not declare themselves Judeans or Christians, seems inadequate for Ancient times. Therefore, the perspective of this research is rather to rethink how the problem of ancient identities as well as the problem of building process of identity in Antiquity should be addressed, by approaching it at the same time as an object study and a disciplinary approach. Our research is therefore a socio-historical study of Judean and Christian identities of the First and Second centuries as well as a discussion on methodological, epistemological, terminological and historiographical approaches of problems relating to ancient identities phenomena; theses are discussed through “– emic” and “– etic” from diverse elements that take into consideration internal point of view (insiders) and external point of view (outsiders) to these identities.
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Steeve Bélanger. La construction de discours d’appartenance identitaire dans la littérature judéenne et chrétienne aux Ier et IIe siècles. Religions. École pratique des hautes études - EPHE PARIS; Université Laval (Québec, Canada), 2015. Français. ⟨NNT : 2015EPHE5043⟩. ⟨tel-02099636⟩

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