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Le rôle des juges dans le contrôle de l'activité administrative. Etude comparée du recours pour excès de pouvoir et de la judicial review.

Abstract : The existence of efficient mechanisms of control for administrative activity is a common problem in European countries. Judicial control is of primary importance. It is a guarentee of the respect of law by public authorities, through the principle of legality. But, the role of judges is not only defined by this function. This can be demonstrated by a global comparison of the French recours pour excès de pouvoir and the English judicial review. While both mechanisms seem to allow a limited control of legality, the picture is not as simple. Because of the development of the strains on administrative action, due to the normative enrichment of legal orders, the role of the judiciary is extending. The position of judges within national institutions has to be clearly defined, in order to guarantee their legitimacy.As they can no longer be described as protectors of the will of Parliament, the foundations of their role is reassessed. Their discretionary power is increasing. It reveals their dualiaty: they are active in the control of legality, and as such they are the main instrument of the submission of public authorities to a developing legality, and they are also actors of this movment. As such, they draw limits in order not to ossify administrative activity, which is also legitimate. The comparision between the recours pour excès de pouvoir and judicial review can reveal this duality : the judges define its various aspects and actively participate to the definition of their own role.
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Submitted on : Thursday, April 11, 2019 - 2:17:06 PM
Last modification on : Friday, September 13, 2019 - 1:25:59 AM

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Yoan Sanchez. Le rôle des juges dans le contrôle de l'activité administrative. Etude comparée du recours pour excès de pouvoir et de la judicial review.. Droit. Université d'Orléans, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017ORLE0001⟩. ⟨tel-02096593⟩

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