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Satellite image restoration by nonlinear statistical filtering techniques

Abstract : Satellite image processing is considered one of the more interesting areas in the fields of digital image processing. Satellite images are subject to be degraded due to several reasons, satellite movements, weather, scattering, and other factors. Several methods for satellite image enhancement and restoration have been studied and developed in the literature. The work presented in this thesis, is focused on satellite image restoration by nonlinear statistical filtering techniques. At the first step, we proposed a novel method to restore satellite images using a combination between blind and non-blind restoration techniques. The reason for this combination is to exploit the advantages of each technique used. In the second step, novel statistical image restoration algorithms based on nonlinear filters and the nonparametric multivariate density estimation have been proposed. The nonparametric multivariate density estimation of posterior density is used in the resampling step of the Bayesian bootstrap filter to resolve the problem of loss of diversity among the particles. Finally, we have introduced a new hybrid combination method for image restoration based on the discrete wavelet transform (DWT) and the proposed algorithms in step two, and, we have proved that the performance of the combined method is better than the performance of the DWT approach in the reduction of noise in degraded satellite images.
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Bassel Marhaba. Satellite image restoration by nonlinear statistical filtering techniques. Automatic Control Engineering. Université du Littoral Côte d'Opale, 2018. English. ⟨NNT : 2018DUNK0502⟩. ⟨tel-02094292⟩

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