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Contribution à l'élaboration d'un supercondensateur à basse de graphène

Abstract : The use of micro-power generation energy is a promising concept that consists in harvesting low and diffuse energy sources present in our environment for the supply of autonomous systems. The growing number of new miniaturized and communicating devices in civil and military fields should accentuate the phenomenon of energy dependence and open up new markets. Among possible sources of renewable energy, solar energy is the most promising source because it is potentially the most powerful and best distributed. The development of these micro-energy recovery systems involves low costs with flexible substrate (paper, polymer) and easily exploitable materials. After energy recovery, it is necessary for the autonomous systems to store electricity. For this purpose, supercapacitors are ideal candidates. Indeed, the main advantage of supercapacitors over batteries is their high power density (fast energy collection) as well as a long cycle life. The thesis concerns the manufacture of a supercapacitor and ultimately coupling with a solar cell. The work specifically concerns the study of graphene oxide (GO) synthesized by the Hummers and Marcano methods, its reduction in reduced graphene oxide (RGO) by chemical and electrochemical routes and the realization of supercapacitor. In this project, the properties of reduced graphene oxide (RGO) will be optimized during the reduction step and the material will be shaped into a sandwich structure (RGO / electrolyte / RGO) or interdigitated.Keywords: Graphene,supercapacitor, graphene oxide,energy micro-source
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Submitted on : Monday, April 8, 2019 - 5:19:31 PM
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Florian Avril. Contribution à l'élaboration d'un supercondensateur à basse de graphène. Electronique. Université Montpellier, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018MONTS034⟩. ⟨tel-02093240⟩



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