La mécanique des fluides en France durant l’entre-deux-guerres : J. Kampé de Fériet et l'IMFL

Abstract : Joseph Kampé de Fériet (1893-1982), a French mathematician of Lille, was an international specialist in fluid mechanics and was director of the Institut de mécanique des fluides de Lille (IMFL) from its creation in 1929. By familiarizing himself with this field and by addressing questions of an experimental nature through his work on ballistics, during his scientific wartime service to the Gâvre Commission (1915-1919), this scientist played a triple role in the institute. As a mathematician, he made a remarkable contribution to Taylor-von Kármán's statistical theory of turbulence using the theory of random functions due to Kolmogorov, Khintchine, and Slutsky. As an experimental scientist, he took part in the experimental work of the IMFL aiming on one hand to study atmospheric turbulence and, on the other hand, to validate the ideas of the school of Philippe Wehrle and Georges Dedebant. This school was formed within the Atmospheric Turbulence Commission, created by the Minister of Air in 1935. Finally, as director of the institute, he strengthened links with industry and society in Lille, in the same way that he reinforced links with military officers during his work in Gâvre.In our thesis, we will use the scientific and institutional career path of J. Kampé de Fériet – from his service at Gâvre (1915) up until the year of his resignation as director of the IMFL (1945) - as a prism by which we will answer further questions of a more general nature regarding fluid mechanics in France during the first half of the twentieth century. Some but not all of these considerations bring to light new elements that are common to ballistics and to other areas of applied mathematics.
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Antonietta Demuro. La mécanique des fluides en France durant l’entre-deux-guerres : J. Kampé de Fériet et l'IMFL. Histoire, Philosophie et Sociologie des sciences. Université Charles de Gaulle - Lille III, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018LIL3H032⟩. ⟨tel-02093155⟩

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