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Kriging for turbomachineries conception : high dimension and multi-objective robust optimization

Mélina Ribaud 1
1 PSPM - Probabilités, statistique, physique mathématique
ICJ - Institut Camille Jordan [Villeurbanne]
Abstract : The turbomachineries are rotary machines used to cool down the automotive engines. Their efficiency is impacted by a high number of geometric parameters that describe the shape.My thesis is fully funded by the ANR project PEPITO where industrials and academics collaborate. The aim of this project is to found the turbomachineries shape that maximizes the efficiency.That is why, industrials have developed numerical CFD (Computational fluid dynamics) codes that simulate the work of turbomachineries. However, the simulations are time-consuming. We cannot directly use the simulations provided to perform the optimization.In addition, during the production line, the input variables are subjected to perturbations. These perturbations are due to the production machineries fluctuations. The differences observed in the final shape of the turbomachinery can provoke a loss of efficiency. These perturbations have to be taken into account to conduct an optimization robust to the fluctuations. In this thesis, since the context is time consuming simulations we propose kriging based methods that meet the requirements of industrials. The issues are: •How can we construct a good response surface for the efficiency when the number of input variables is high?•How can we lead to an efficient optimization on the efficiency that takes into account the inputs perturbations?Several algorithms are proposed to answer to the first question. They construct a covariance kernel adapted to high dimension. This kernel is a tensor product of isotropic kernels in each subspace of input variables. These algorithms are benchmarked on some simulated case and on a real function. The results show that the use of this kernel improved the prediction quality in high dimension. For the second question, seven iterative strategies based on a co-kriging model are proposed to conduct the robust optimization. In each iteration, a Pareto front is obtained by the minimization of two objective computed from the kriging predictions. The first one represents the function and the second one the robustness. A criterion based on the Taylor theorem is used to estimate the local variance. This criterion quantifies the robustness. These strategies are compared in two test cases in small and higher dimension. The results show that the best strategies have well found the set of robust solutions. Finally, the methods are applied on the industrial cases provided by the PEPITO project.
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Mélina Ribaud. Kriging for turbomachineries conception : high dimension and multi-objective robust optimization. Other. Université de Lyon, 2018. English. ⟨NNT : 2018LYSEC026⟩. ⟨tel-02091295v2⟩

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