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Analyse et visualisation de trajectoires de soins par l’exploitation de données massives hospitalières pour la pharmacovigilance

Abstract : The massification of health data is an opportunity to answer questions about vigilance and quality of care. The emergence of big data in health is an opportunity to answer questions about vigilance and quality of care. In this thesis work, we will present approaches to exploit the diversity and volume of intra-hospital data for pharmacovigilance use and monitoring the proper use of drugs. This approach will be based on the modelling of intra-hospital care trajectories adapted to the specific needs of pharmacovigilance. Using data from a hospital warehouse, it will be necessary to characterize events of interest and identify a link between the administration of these health products and the occurrence of adverse reactions, or to look for cases of misuse of the drug. The hypothesis put forward in this thesis is that an interactive visual approach would be suitable for the exploitation of these heterogeneous and multi-domain biomedical data in the field of pharmacovigilance. We have developed two prototypes allowing the visualization and analysis of care trajectories. The first prototype is a tool for visualizing the patient file in the form of a timeline. The second application is a tool for visualizing and searching a cohort of event sequences The latter tool is based on the implementation of sequence analysis algorithms (Smith-Waterman, Apriori, GSP) for the search for similarity or patterns of recurring events. These human-machine interfaces have been the subject of usability studies on use cases from actual practice that have proven their potential for routine use.
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Thibault Ledieu. Analyse et visualisation de trajectoires de soins par l’exploitation de données massives hospitalières pour la pharmacovigilance. Médecine humaine et pathologie. Université Rennes 1, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018REN1B032⟩. ⟨tel-02090542⟩

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